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Table 1 MCPES, Basic Psychological Needs and PLOC Scales

From: Motivational climate, need satisfaction, self-determined motivation, and physical activity of students in secondary school physical education in China

Title Dimension Items Liket item
        1 2 3 4 5
        Not true A little true Sort of true True Very true
MCPES Autonomy supporting Item 1. Students have a significant role in decision making in PE lessons 1 2 3 4 5   
Item 2. Students are given the opportunity to affect the way PE lessons are run 1 2 3 4 5   
Item 3. Students have significant freedom to make choices during PE lessons 1 2 3 4 5   
Item 4. Students are given the opportunity to select activities according to their own interests 1 2 3 4 5   
Item 5. Students can affect the course of PE lessons 1 2 3 4 5   
Relatedness supporting Item 6. we have a good sense of unity in PE class 1 2 3 4 5   
Item 7. Our PE class is united when practicing during PE lessons 1 2 3 4 5   
Item 8. Students really “work together” as a team 1 2 3 4 5   
Item 9. During PE lessons the students “pull together” 1 2 3 4 5   
Task-involving Item 10. It is important for the students to try their best during PE lessons 1 2 3 4 5   
Item 11. Learning new things makes me want to learn more 1 2 3 4 5   
Item 12. What’s most important is that we progress every year in our motor skills 1 2 3 4 5   
Item 13. It is important for the students to try to improve their own skills 1 2 3 4 5   
Item 14. It is important to keep trying even though you make mistakes 1 2 3 4 5   
Ego-involving Item 15. It is important for students to show that they are better in PE than others 1 2 3 4 5   
Item 16. During PE lessons students compare their performance mainly to that of others 1 2 3 4 5   
Item 17. It is important for the students to succeed better than the others 1 2 3 4 5   
Item 18. During PE lessons the students compete with each other in their performance 1 2 3 4 5   
Basic Psychological Needs Autonomy Item 1. I have time to create my own game/dances. 1 2 3 4 5   
Item 2. I have time to choose my partner. 1 2 3 4 5   
Item 3. I have time to choose which activities I want to practice. 1 2 3 4 5   
Competence Item 4. I think I am good at PE. 1 2 3 4 5   
Item 5. I feel I am good in sport skills. 1 2 3 4 5   
Item 6. I feel I am able to do most of games well in PE 1 2 3 4 5   
Relatedness Item 7. I feel I am encouraged by other students in PE class 1 2 3 4 5   
Item 8. I feel comfortable with my partner/team members in PE class 1 2 3 4 5   
Item 9. I feel I am important to my classmates in PE class. 1 2 3 4 5   
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7
    Corresponds
not all
Corresponds a
very little
Corresponds
a little
Corresponds
moderately
Corresponds enough Corresponds
a lot
Corresponds
exactly
PLOC Intrinsic motivation Item 1. Because PE is fun 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
Item 2. Because I enjoy learning new skills 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
Item 3. Because PE is exciting 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
Item 4. Because of the enjoyment that I feel while learning new skills/techniques 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
Identified motivation Item 5. Because I want to learn sport skills 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
Item 6. Because it is important for me to do well in PE 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
Item 7. Because I want to improve in sport 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
Item 8. Because I can learn skills which I could use in other areas of my life 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
External motivation Item 9. Because I’ll get into trouble if I don’t 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
Item 10. Because that’s what I am supposed to do 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
Item 11. So that the teacher won’t yell at me 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
Item 12. Because that’s the rule 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
Amotivation Item 13. But I really don’t know why 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
Item 14. But I don’t see why we should have PE 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
Item 15. But I really feel I’m wasting my time in PE 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
Item 16. But I can’t see what I’m getting out of PE 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
  1. MCPES Motivational Climate in Physical Education Scale, PLOC Perceived Locus of Causality