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Table 1 The characteristics of the subjects in the male and female groups

From: Covid-19 effects on the workload of Iranian healthcare workers

Variable Female (n = 353) Male (n = 142) P-value*
Education (N) (%)
 Doctoral degree and higher 9 (2.5) 9 (6.3) 0.058
 Master 44 (12.5) 23 (16.2)
 Basic Sciences 259 (73.4) 89 (62.7)
 Diploma 41 (11.6) 21 (14.8)
Age category (year), (N) (%)
 20–30 141 (39.9) 60 (42.3) 0.117
 31–40 143 (40.5) 35 (36.6)
 41–50 64 (18.1) 23 (16.2)
 > 50 5 (1.4) 7 (4.9)
Marital (N) (%)
 Single 133 (37.7) 43 (30.3) 0.073
 Married 220 (62.9) 99 (69.7)
Job (N) (%)
 Nurse 256 (72.5) 70 (49.3) < 0.001
 Doctor 32 (9.1) 11 (7.7)
 Health expert 6 (1.7) 9 (6.3)
 Health assistant 15 (4.2) 22 (15.5)
 Lab/radiology 6 (1.7) 8 (5.6)
 Other 38 (10.8) 22 (15.5)
Experience (year), (N) (%)
 1–5 145 (41.1) 62 (43.7) 0.554
 6–10 60 (17) 24 (16.9)
 11–15 77 (21.8) 22 (15.5)
 16–20 34 (9.6) 15 (10.6)
 > 20 37 (10.5) 19 (13.4)
Type of employment (N) (%)
 Contractual 44 (12.5) 13 (9.2) 0.321
 Permanent 137 (38.8) 47 (33.1)
 Employment contracts 86 (24.4) 40 (28.2)
 Temporary contracts 86 (24.4) 42 (29.6)
Shift working (N) (%)
 Rotational 238 (67.4) 95 (66.9) 0.613
 Night 10 (2.8) 2 (1.4)
 Morning 105 (29.7) 45 (31.7)
Ward of work (N) (%)
 ICU 42 (11.9) 8 (5.6) 0.002
 Operating room 18 (5.1) 8 (5.6)
 Laboratory 14 (4) 6 (4.2)
 Emergency 44 (12.5) 41 (28.9)
 Corona 45 (12.7) 13 (9.2)
 Radiology 13 (3.7) 5 (3.50
 Health center 140 (39.7) 47 (33.1)
 other 37 (10.5) 14 (9.9)
Governmental workplace (N) (%)
 Yes 299 (84.7) 114 (80.3) 0.231
 No 54 (15.3) 28 (19.7)
Facing with COVID- 19 patients at workplace (N) (%)
 Yes 311 (88.1) 104 (73.2) < 0.001
 No 42 (11.9) 38 (26.8)
Interest in job (N) (%)
 Yes 280 (79.3) 111 (78.2) 0.776
 No 73 (20.7) 31 (21.8)
 Overtime (hour) 58.49 ± 61.95 76.57 ± 75. 87 0.01
  1. The results are described as mean ± SD for quantitative data and number (%) for qualitative data
  2. *P <  0.05 was considered as significant using Independent t-test for comparison between the two groups and Chi-square test for parametric and categorial data, respectively