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Table 2 Random-effects generalized least squares (GLS) regression model with sickness absence regressed on standardized predictors

From: Education differences in sickness absence and the role of health behaviors: a prospective twin study

  Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4 Model 5 Model 6
Education −1.83***
(− 2.04, − 1.61)
−1.58***
(− 1.81, − 1.35)
−1.47***
(− 1.81, − 1.14)
−1.63***
(− 1.97, − 1.29)
−1.58***
(− 1.81, − 1.35)
−1.59***
(− 1.82, − 1.36)
Sex (female) 2.81***
(2.38, 3.23)
2.93***
(2.50, 3.37)
2.94***
(2.50, 3.38)
2.93***
(2.49, 3.37)
2.93***
(2.49, 3.36)
2.94***
(2.50, 3.38)
Cohort (younger) −2.41***
(− 2.89, −1.94)
−1.83***
(− 2.34, − 1.33)
−1.82***
(− 2.33, − 1.32)
−1.82***
(− 2.33, − 1.31)
−1.84***
(− 2.34, − 1.33)
−1.73***
(− 2.24, − 1.21)
Health behaviors   0.97***
(0.74, 1.20)
0.98***
(0.75, 1.21)
0.97***
(0.74, 1.20)
0.69***
(0.37, 1.02)
1.28***
(0.92, 1.64)
Sex*education    −0.19
(− 0.62, 0.24)
Cohort*Education     0.10
(−0.36, 0.55)
Sex*Health behaviors      0.51*
(0.10, 0.93)
Cohort*Health behaviors       −0.51*
(−0.97, − 0.05)
N 8794 8039 8039 8039 8039 8039
  1. Model 1: Education, sex, cohort, and accounting for twin dependency; Model 2: Model 1 + health behavior composite; Model 3: Model 2 + interaction term with sex and education; Model 4: Model 2 + interaction term with cohort and education; Model 5: Model 2 + interaction term with sex and health behaviors; Model 6: Model 2 + interaction term with cohort and health behaviors
  2. 95% confidence intervals in parantheses; * P < 0.05; ** P < 0.01; *** P < 0.001