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Table 1 Cardiovascular risk factor and disease definitions

From: The Haiti cardiovascular disease cohort: study protocol for a population-based longitudinal cohort

Cardiovascular Risk Factors Definition
Hypertension (HTN) Average measurements from study enrollment of SBP > 140 mmHg or DBP > 90 mmHg; or at least 1 enrollment BP measurement of SBP > 160 mmHg or DBP > 100 mmHg; or self-reported antihypertensive treatment. Incident HTN is defined as any subsequent study visit BP measurement of SBP > 140 mmHg or DP > 90 mmHg, or initiation or continuation of antihypertensive medications. Stage I HTN is defined as SBP 140–159 mmHg or DBP 90–99 mmHg; Stage 2 HTN is defined as SBP > 160 mmHg or DBP > 100 mmHg.
Diabetes Fasting glucose > 126 mg/dL or non-fasting glucose > 200 mg/dL, or taking diabetes medications [68, 69]
Obesity Body mass index > 30 kg/m2
Dyslipidemia ACC/AHA guidelines for LDL levels based on risk category [70]
Kidney Disease Urine albumin to creatinine ratio > 30 mg/g or eGFR < 60 mL/min/1.73 m2 as calculated using the CKD-Epi equation [71,72,73,74]
Poor diet < 1 serving of fruits or vegetables per day, added salt to food, or > 1 fried food per day per the WHO STEPS survey definition [48, 75]
Smoking Self-reported current tobacco smoking
Physical inactivity < 150 min of moderate activity, or < 75 min of vigorous activity, or < 600 MET minutes per week [76]
Inflammation hsCRP > 3 mg/L [77, 78]
Cardiovascular Eventsa
 Myocardial Infarction (MI) Universal Definition of MI [79] and an AHA position statement [80] based on three major domains: clinical signs and symptoms consistent with ischemia, a rising and/or falling pattern of cardiac biomarkers over at least 6 h, and ECG or echocardiographic findings consistent with ischemia based on the Minnesota Criteria [81]
 Heart Failure (HF) Defined by clinical signs and symptoms based on the Framingham clinical diagnosis of HF [82], and adjudication is based on clinical symptoms, imaging findings, and b-type natriuretic peptide levels [82, 83]. We will classify the type of HF as HF with reduced ejection fraction (EF) or preserved EF based on echocardiographic readings.
 Stroke Based on consensus guidelines and defined as a clinical syndrome consisting of rapidly developing clinical signs of focal (or global in case of coma) disturbance of cerebral function lasting > 24 h or leading to death with no apparent cause other than a vascular origin; imaging findings consistent with infarction may be used even if symptoms resolve in < 24 h [84].
 Cardiovascular Disease Death Following recommendations set forth in Luepker, et al., using all available information including an interview with next of kin; CVD death includes death due to MI, HF, or stroke [80].
  1. a All events will be adjudicated by committee