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Table 1 Descriptive Statistics of Women aged 18 and above by Cervical Cancer Screening Participation

From: Disparities in cervical cancer screening participation in Iran: a cross-sectional analysis of the 2016 nationwide STEPS survey

Sociodemographic variable n % Participation rate % p-value
Age group     0.05
 18–29 3294 21.6 24.9  
 30–39 3696 24.2 51.1  
 40–49 3016 19.8 55.9  
 50–59 2488 16.3 49.1  
 60–69 1672 11.0 32.9  
 + 70 1094 7.2 16.6  
Marital status     < 0.001
 Single 1967 12.6 1.9  
 Married 11,554 73.8 50.7  
 Widowed 1730 11.0 25.4  
 Divorced 412 2.6 42.6  
Education     < 0.001
 Illiterate 3305 21.5 24.4  
 1–6 years 5852 38.0 47.4  
 6–12 years 3858 25.0 49.1  
  > 12 years 2387 15.5 39.7  
Employment     < 0.001
 Unemployed 13,262 84.6 42.9  
 Employed 1467 9.4 42.7  
 Retired 326 2.1 55.4  
 Student 622 4.0 5.7  
Primary Insurance     < 0.001
 No 1035 6.6 32.1  
 Yes 14,682 93.4 42.3  
Complementary Insurance     < 0.001
 No 12,270 78.7 39.0  
 Yes 3312 21.3 51.0  
Residence     < 0.001
 Urban 11,203 70.1 44.7  
 Rural 4772 29.9 34.3  
Socio-economic Quintiles     < 0.001
 Lowest 3195 20.0 53.1  
 Low 3195 20.0 47.1  
 Middle 3198 20.0 41.6  
 High 3194 19.9 32.2  
 Highest 3193 19.9 24.8  
Total 15,975   41.6  
  1. N number of women in each category, % percentage of women in each category; Participation rate, percentage of women in each category who reported undergoing cervical cancer screening; P-value, obtained from cross-tabulation between each category and cervical cancer screening