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Table 2 Caregiver demographics

From: Sankofa pediatric HIV disclosure intervention did not worsen depression scores in children living with HIV and their caregivers in Ghana

  Disclosure Status of Child  
No (N = 35) Yes (N = 122) Total (N = 157) p Value
Age caregiver
 Mean (SD) 39.29 (10.22) 43.07 (9.41) 42.22 (9.69) 0.042 c, *
Marital Status
 Divorced or separated 002 (5.71%) 011 (9.02%) 013 (8.28%)  
 Married 019 (54.29%) 069 (56.56%) 088 (56.05%)  
 Single 007 (20.00%) 014 (11.48%) 021 (13.38%)  
 Widowed 007 (20.00%) 028 (22.95%) 035 (22.29%) 0.58 a
Gender
 Female 28 (80.00%) 102 (83.61%) 130 (82.80%)  
 Male 7 (20.00%) 20 (16.39%) 27 (17.20%) 0.59 a
Caregiver HIV status
 No or Unsure 017 (48.57%) 040 (32.79%) 057 (36.31%)  
 Yes 017 (48.57%) 079 (64.75%) 096 (61.15%)  
 Missing 001 (2.86%) 003 (2.46%) 004 (2.55%) 0.08 a
Education
 No School 006 (17.14%) 016 (13.11%) 022 (14.01%)  
 Elementary Education 023 (65.71%) 086 (70.49%) 109 (69.43%)  
 Secondary & Post-secondary Education 006 (17.14%) 017 (13.93%) 023 (14.65%)  
 Missing 000 (0.00%) 003 (2.46%) 003 (1.91%) 0.75 a
Monthly Household Income
  < 50 GHS 04 (11.43%) 19 (15.57%) 23 (14.65%)  
 50–300 GHS 23 (65.71%) 78 (63.93%) 101 (64.33%)  
  > 300 GHS 8 (22.86%) 23 (18.85%) 31 (19.75%)  
 Missing 0 (0.00%) 2 (1.64%) 2 (1.27%) 0.76 a
Employment Status
 Unemployed 10 (28.57%) 13 (10.66%) 23 (14.65%)  
 Self-employed 4 (11.43%) 10 (8.20%) 14 (8.92%)  
 Private/Government Sector 21 (60.00%) 99 (81.15%) 120 (76.43%) 0.020 a, *
Family members/other people in home (Child)
 Mean (SD) 4.06 (2.24) 3.84 (3.36) 3.89 (3.13) 0.66 c
 N (N Missing) 35 (0) 121 (1) 156 (1)  
Family members/other people in home (Adult)
 Mean (SD) 3.63 (2.29) 4.46 (3.70) 4.27 (3.44) 0.11 c
 N (N Missing) 35 (0) 118 (4) 153 (4)  
Number of living children
 Mean (SD) 3.19 (1.87) 2.90 (1.88) 2.96 (1.87) 0.44 c
 N (N Missing) 32 (3) 120 (2) 152 (5)  
Distance from Clinic/Hospital
 0–10 km 013 (37.14%) 046 (37.70%) 059 (37.58%)  
 10–20 km 015 (42.86%) 044 (36.07%) 059 (37.58%)  
 20–30 km 004 (11.43%) 016 (13.11%) 020 (12.74%)  
 More than 30 km 003 (8.57%) 014 (11.48%) 017 (10.83%)  
 Missing 000 (0.00%) 002 (1.64%) 002 (1.27%) 0.90 a
Receiving own care at
 Clinic/Hospital and traditional/homeopathic healer 000 (0.00%) 001 (0.82%) 001 (0.64%)  
 Clinic/Hospital 035 (100.00%) 120 (098.36%) 155 (98.73%)  
 Missing 000 (0.00%) 001 (0.82%) 001 (0.64%) 0.59 b
Frequency of visits to clinic/hospital
 Once or never in last 5 years 011 (31.43%) 045 (36.89%) 056 (35.67%)  
 One or more times a year 024 (68.57%) 075 (61.48%) 099 (63.06%)  
 Other 000 (0.00%) 001 (0.82%) 001 (0.64%)  
 Missing 000 (0.00%) 001 (0.82%) 001 (0.64%) 0.70 b
Social Provisions Questionnaire Overall Score
 Mean (SD) 71.86 (5.75) 71.36 (5.95) 71.47 (5.89) 0.66 c
 N (N Missing) 35 (0) 121 (1) 156 (1)  
HIV Knowledge (HIV-KQ-18)
 Mean (SD) 14.54 (1.93) 14.70 (1.90) 14.67 (1.90) 0.66 c
 N (N Missing) 35 (0) 118 (4) 153 (4)  
HIV Stigma Score
 Mean (SD) 39.89 (6.48) 41.24 (4.88) 40.94 (5.29) 0.26 c
 N (N Missing) 35 (0) 120 (2) 155 (2)  
Illness Perception Score (Brief IPQ)
 Mean (SD) 31.34 (11.25) 32.25 (11.51) 32.05 (11.42) 0.68 c
 N (N Missing) 35 (0) 120 (2) 155 (2)  
  1. Legend: 1.0 Ghanaian cedi is equivalent to 0.17 U.S. dollar; * p < 0.05
  2. a Chi-square test, b Fisher’s Exact test, c T test
  3. Abbreviations: GHS Ghanaian cedi; SD standard deviation