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Table 1 Comparison of regional statistics between non-carnival region and carnival region in 2018

From: Why crowding matters in the time of COVID-19 pandemic? - a lesson from the carnival effect on the 2017/2018 influenza epidemic in the Netherlands

Variables Non-carnival region Carnival region
No. of inhabitants 12,310,248 4,870,836
No. inhabitants per km2a 437 435
Degree of urbanityab 4 4
No. mortality 107,166 (0.9) 46,197 (0.9)
Sex
 Male 6,095,518 (49.5) 2,431,523 (49.9)
 Female 6,214,730 (50.5) 2,439,313 (50.1)
Age groups (year)
 0–15 2,030,940 (16.5) 731,684 (15.0)
 15–25 1,517,463 (12.3) 599,350 (12.3)
 25–45 3,081,548 (25.0) 1,141,066 (23.4)
 45–65 3,424,685 (27.8) 1,415,232 (29.1)
 ≥ 65 2,255,612 (18.3) 983,504 (20.2)
Marital status
 Unmarried 6,036,871 (49.0) 2,250,736 (46.2)
 Married 4,730,875 (38.4) 1,979,300 (40.6)
 Separated 951,717 (7.7) 372,909 (7.7)
 Widowed 590,785 (4.8) 267,891 (5.5)
Type of family homea
 Single family home (%) 80 85
 Multiple family home (%) 20 15
  1. a Median of the region
  2. b According to the environmental address density, an urban class has been assigned to every neighborhood, district or municipality. The following class division has been used: 1, very strong urban> = 2500 addresses per km2; 2, strongly urban 1500–2500 addresses per km2; 3, moderately urban 1000–1500 addresses per km2; 4, few urban 500–1000 addresses per km2; 5, non-urban < 500 addresses per km2