Skip to main content

Table 11 Oaxaca Blinder decomposition of HAZ scores of NFHS 3 and NFHS 4 in Bihar

From: Deciphering disparities in childhood stunting in an underdeveloped state of India: an investigation applying the unconditional quantile regression method

  Covariate effect Coefficient effect
  10 25 50 75 90 10 25 50 75 90
Aggregate effect
Child age in months −0.106*** − 0.263*** −1.026*** − 0.509*** − 0.608*** − 0.781** − 0.069 3.122*** − 0.519 1.593***
(%) −35.2 25.4 40.1 −11.9 − 69.5 − 5236.4 −20.7 230.8 41.6 −530.1
Age2 0.022 0.111* 0.503*** 0.388*** 0.493*** 0.551** 0.195 −0.537 0.075 − 0.973***
(%) 7.3 −10.7 −19.7 9.1 56.4 3694.6 58.8 −39.7 −6.0 324.0
Female − 0.001 − 0.005 − 0.026 0.008 − 0.006 0.124*** 0.096 − 0.314*** 0.133* 0.001
(%) −0.4 0.5 1.0 0.2 −0.7 829.3 29.1 −23.2 − 10.7 −0.4
Birth Size
Normal
Average and above 0.006 −0.028* − 0.009 − 0.009 − 0.040** 0.014 0.074** 0.043 0.074** 0.100**
(%) 2.0 2.7 0.4 −0.2 −4.6 96.6 22.4 3.2 −6.0 −33.3
Small −0.038*** −0.118*** − 0.195*** − 0.052*** 0.041** 0.011 0.112*** 0.195*** 0.084*** 0.003
(%) −12.7 11.3 7.6 −1.2 4.7 72.5 33.8 14.4 −6.8 − 1.1
Early Breastfeeding (Yes) 0.231** 0.109 −0.167 0.615*** 0.068 0.192** 0.022 −0.069 0.411*** 0.069
(%) 76.7 −10.5 6.5 14.4 7.7 1287.5 6.7 −5.1 −33.0 −23.1
No. of Siblings −0.071*** −0.069*** − 0.146*** −0.013 − 0.030* 0.066 0.179** 0.530*** −0.001 0.034
(%) −23.6 6.7 5.7 −0.3 −3.4 441.6 54.0 39.2 0.1 −11.5
Benefitted ICDS services 0.381*** 0.483** 0.653 0.660*** 1.121*** 0.252* 0.239 0.374 0.392** 0.522**
(%) 126.4 −46.5 −25.5 15.4 128.2 1687.2 72.0 27.6 −31.4 −173.6
Mother’s Characteristics
Institutional Delivery (yes) −0.034 − 0.802*** −1.317*** 0.392*** 0.086 0.062 −0.694*** −1.364*** 0.253 0.082
(%) −11.4 77.3 51.4 9.2 9.8 415.8 −209.5 −100.8 −20.3 −27.3
Age of mother at first birth 0.152*** −0.013 − 0.077 0.295*** −0.009 1.340*** −0.136 − 0.607 2.734*** 1.166
(%) 50.3 1.2 3.0 6.9 −1.0 8980.2 −40.9 −44.9 − 219.3 −388.1
BMI of mother 0.021 −0.068** − 0.311*** − 0.080*** −0.033 1.470** 0.219 −3.125*** −0.435 0.173
(%) 7.1 6.6 12.1 −1.9 −3.8 9850.3 65.9 −231.0 34.9 −57.5
Mother’s anaemia
Yes −0.020** 0.044*** 0.184*** −0.050*** − 0.030* − 0.006 − 0.169* −0.653*** 0.195* 0.091
(%) −6.8 −4.3 −7.2 −1.2 −3.4 −37.6 −51.0 − 48.3 − 15.7 − 30.2
Mother’s height − 0.006 − 0.012 − 0.027 −0.003 − 0.008 2.556 −2.430 −12.737*** 7.506*** 0.629
(%) −1.8 1.2 1.0 −0.1 − 0.9 17,128.9 − 732.9 − 941.6 − 601.9 − 209.3
Mother’s Education 0.099*** 0.124*** 0.227*** 0.100*** −0.101*** 0.229*** 0.265*** 0.417*** 0.004 −0.141
(%) 33.0 −12.0 −8.9 2.3 −11.5 1533.2 79.9 30.8 −0.3 47.1
Working mother 0.089*** 0.128*** − 0.026 0.019 −0.008 0.382* 0.554** −0.260 −0.013 0.157
(%) 29.6 −12.3 1.0 0.4 −0.9 2558.2 167.1 −19.2 1.1 −52.2
Empowerment 0.018 −0.008 0.041 0.057*** −0.070*** − 0.001 0.001 − 0.003 − 0.006 0.002
(%) 6.0 0.8 −1.6 1.3 −8.0 − 8.7 0.2 −0.2 0.5 −0.6
Media exposure 0.137** 0.144 −0.013 0.310*** 0.088 0.092 0.114 −0.006 0.334*** 0.084
(%) 45.3 −13.9 0.5 7.2 10.1 618.9 34.3 −0.4 −26.8 −28.0
Religion
Hindu
Muslim/Others −0.018* 0.011 0.019 −0.055** − 0.035* 0.115** −0.082 − 0.128 0.245*** 0.125*
(%) −5.9 −1.0 −0.7 −1.3 −4.0 770.7 − 24.7 −9.5 −19.7 −41.6
Caste
SC
ST −2.036*** −1.713*** −3.193*** 0.831** 0.058 −1.150*** −1.044*** − 1.970*** 0.470* 0.002
(%) −674.7 165.1 124.7 19.4 6.7 − 7705.5 − 315.1 − 145.6 − 37.7 − 0.7
Others 1.510*** 0.968 2.434 1.425** −0.138 −0.256*** − 0.159 −0.414 − 0.254** 0.012
(%) 500.6 −93.3 −95.1 33.3 −15.8 − 1714.8 −48.1 −30.6 20.4 − 4.1
Wealth index −0.039** −0.055** − 0.110** −0.056*** 0.020 0.355*** 0.328** 0.801** 0.271* −0.155
(%) −12.9 5.3 4.3 −1.3 2.3 2381.6 98.9 59.2 −21.7 51.7
Place of residence
Urban
Rural 0.004 −0.005 0.020 0.008 0.014 0.076 − 0.246 0.906** 0.163 0.816***
(%) 1.2 0.5 −0.8 0.2 1.6 510.8 −74.3 66.9 −13.1 − 271.5
Constant       −5.678** 2.965 17.154** − 13.367*** −4.692
Residuals − 0.507 1.099 2.728 − 4.015 −0.846 − 0.258 − 0.754 −1.831 0.601 − 0.262
Total 0.302 −1.037 −2.560 4.281*** 0.874 0.015 0.332 1.353 −1.247*** −0.300
  1. ***p < 0.001; **p < 0.01; *p < 0.05; Source: Computed by the authors from unit-level data of NFHS 3 and NFHS 4