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Table 1 Proportions of Mortality among children under-five with respect to covariates under consideration

From: Geostatistical analysis and mapping: social and environmental determinants of under-five child mortality, evidence from the 2014 Ghana demographic and health survey

  Total Alive Dead P-value
  n = 5884 n = 5595 n = 289  
Child’s age [Mean (SD)] 1.85 (1.43) 1.93 (1.41) 0.30 (0.78) <.001a
Mother’s age [Mean (SD)] 30.60 (6.89) 30.56 (6.88) 31.36 (7.14) 0.055a
U5 child in HH [Mean (SD)] 1.74 (0.94) 1.76 (0.92) 1.22 (1.10) <.001a
Child’s gender 0.231b
 Female 2818 (100%) 2690 (95.5%) 128 (4.5%)  
 Male 3066 (100%) 2905 (94.7%) 161 (5.3%)
Twin <.001b
 Singletons 5597 (100%) 5357 (95.7%) 240 (4.3%)  
 Multiple 287 (100%) 238 (82.9%) 49 (17.1%)
Mother’s education level 0.109b
 No education 2042 (100%) 1923 (94.2%) 119 (5.8%)  
 Primary 1209 (100%) 1156 (95.6%) 53 (4.4%)
 Secondary 2409 (100%) 2304 (95.6%) 105 (4.4%)
 Tertiary 224 (100%) 212 (94.6%) 12 (5.4%)
Wealth quintile 0.849b
 Poorest 1886 (100%) 1789 (94.9%) 97 (5.1%)  
 Poorer 1304 (100%) 1235 (94.7%) 69 (5.3%)
 Middle 1083 (100%) 1033 (95.4%) 50 (4.6%)
 Richer 883 (100%) 842 (95.4%) 41 (4.6%)
 Richest 728 (100%) 696 (95.6%) 32 (4.4%)
Residence 0.938b
 Rural 3540 (100%) 3365 (95.1%) 175 (4.9%)  
 Urban 2344 (100%) 2230 (95.1%) 114 (4.9%)
Region 0.002b
 Ashanti 599 (100%) 560 (93.5%) 39 (6.5%)  
 Brong Ahafo 653 (100%) 628 (96.2%) 25 (3.8%)
 Central 603 (100%) 572 (94.9%) 31 (5.1%)
 Eastern 545 (100%) 514 (94.3%) 31 (5.7%)
 Greater Accra 460 (100%) 447 (97.2%) 13 (2.8%)
 Northern 902 (100%) 842 (93.3%) 60 (6.7%)
 Upper East 551 (100%) 534 (96.9%) 17 (3.1%)
 Upper West 508 (100%) 475 (93.5%) 33 (6.5%)
 Volta 481 (100%) 459 (95.4%) 22 (4.6%)
 Western 582 (100%) 564 (96.9%) 18 (3.1%)
  1. a:p-value for independent t-test; b: p-value for Pearson’s Chi-Square test