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Table 1 State-level criminalization policies

From: States with fewer criminalizing immigrant policies have smaller health care inequities between citizens and noncitizens

Area of policy

Indicator of policy


Does the state authorize law enforcement to fully collaborate with federal immigration authorities?a


Does the state require or allow law enforcement to verify individuals’ legal status at the time of a stop or arrest?b


Does the state sentence certain criminal offenses at at least 365 days (e.g., federal immigration criteria for “aggravated felony”)?b


Does the state require a social security number to obtain a driver’s license?c


Does the state comply with REAL ID?d


Does the state mandate employers use E-Verify?e

  1. Data sources accessed to determine if each state had enacted policy by December 31, 2013
  2. aImmigrant Legal Resource Center - Immigration Detainer Map. Avialable at:
  3. bCésar Cuauhtémoc García Hernández. Crimmigration Law. American Bar Association. 2015 and author’s review of state statutes
  4. cNational Council of State Legislatures, Immigrant Policy Project Available at
  5. dNational Council of State Legislatures, available at
  6. eNational Council of State Legislatures, State E-Verify Action: available at