Skip to main content

Table 2 Distribution of demography characteristic in the study population between exposed and control group

From: Examining relationship between occupational acid exposure and oral health in workplace

  Variable Control group
N = 157
Exposed group
N = 152
p-value
Sex     0.04*
  Female 26.8% 17.1%  
Male 73.2% 82.9%  
Age   37.76 ± 10.06 30.08 ± 6.43 < 0.01*
Worked years   10.41 ± 10.80 2.24 ± 2.42 < 0.00*
#BMI   24.47 ± 4.16 23.70 ± 3.58 0.09
Education     0.03*
  ≤ 12 years 34.5% 47.2%  
>  12 years 65.5% 52.8%  
Smoking     0.92
  No 60.3% 60.8%  
Yes 39.7% 39.2%  
Drinking     0.08
  No 65.2% 55.2%  
Yes 34.8% 44.8%  
Chewing areca     0.01*
  No 87.1% 95.8%  
Yes 12.9% 4.2%  
Mask use     < 0.00*
  No 26.5% 4.2%  
Yes 73.5% 95.8%  
Teeth brushing     < 0.00*
  Less than twice a day 88.5% 55.0%  
Twice a day or more 11.5% 45.0%  
Mouthwash use     < 0.01*
  No 78.8% 62.4%  
Yes 21.2% 37.6%  
Dental floss use     < 0.00*
  No 34.8% 87.2%  
Yes 65.2% 12.8%  
Mouth breathing     0.12
  No 61.5% 52.7%  
Yes 38.5% 47.3%  
Halitosis     0.10
  No 50.0% 59.5%  
Yes 50.0% 40.5%  
##Dietary habits with acidic foods (Q1 VS Q4) < 0.000*
  Q1 24.8% 31.1%  
Q2 36.3% 17.4%  
Q3 22.9% 15.9%  
Q4 15.9% 35.6%  
  1. p < 0.05 by t-test or chi-square test between exposed and control groups
  2. p < 0.05 by one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) for dietary habits with acidic foods
  3. #BMI Body mass index
  4. ## The total number of types of acidic food which subjects consumed more than once per week. We separated the data into 4 Quarter (Q1 to Q4) for analysis
  5. *p < 0.05