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Table 4 Association between the use of HM combined with PM to treat “Palu” versus PM exclusively and the respondents and the household’s characteristics, Cotonou, 2016

From: Between traditional remedies and pharmaceutical drugs: prevention and treatment of “Palu” in households in Benin, West Africa

Variables PM PM + HM Brut OR CI95% Adjusted ORa CI P
  n % n %
Respondent information
Age group (years)            0.0239
   < 25 31 17.32 30 9.29 1    1    
  (25–35) 57 31.84 88 27.27 1.59 0.87 2.91 1.48 0.78 2.81 0.2242
  (35–45) 44 24.58 88 27.24 2.07 1.11 3.84 2.12 1.10 4.09 0.0242
  (45–55) 26 14.53 57 17.65 2.26 1.14 4.49 2.37 1.14 4.89 0.0201
  (55–65) 10 5.59 37 11.46 3.82 1.62 9.04 3.91 1.59 9.58 0.0029
   > = 65 11 6.15 23 7.12 2.16 0.90 5.19 2.72 1.04 7.11 0.0408
 Sex
  Male 72 39.56 101 30.61 1       
  Female 110 60.44 229 69.39 1.48 1.02 2.17     
 School level
  None 20 11.05 81 24.62 1       
  Primary 41 22.65 94 28.57 0.57 0.31 1.04     
  Secondary 61 33.70 108 32.83 0.44 0.24 0.78     
  University 59 32.60 46 13.98 0.19 0.10 0.36     
 Place of birth
  Cotonou 89 50.28 145 44.48 1       
  Other 88 49.72 181 55.52 1.26 0.87 1.82     
 Religion
  Catholic 93 51.38 168 51.22 1       
  Other Christians 46 25.41 102 31.10 1.23 0.80 1.89     
  Muslims 27 14.92 46 14.02 0.94 0.55 1.62     
  Others 15 8.29 12 3.66 0.44 0.20 0.99     
Household information
Type of the households
  Monoparental 137 75.27 250 75.76 1       
  Biparental 45 24.73 80 24.24 0.97 0.64 1.48     
Health insurance
  No 151 86.29 294 91.88 1       
  Yes 24 13.71 26 8.13 0.56 0.31 0.99     
“Tontine” group
  No 115 66.09 175 55.03 1       
  Yes 59 31.91 143 44.97 1.59 1.08 2.34     
Wealth index            < 0.0001
  Very poor 3 1.65 24 7.27 1    1    
  Poor 36 19.78 107 32.42 0.37 0.11 1.31 0.42 0.11 1.51 0.1828
  Intermediate 73 40.11 143 43.33 0.24 0.07 0.84 0.27 0.08 0.95 0.0425
  Rich 55 30.22 51 15.45 0.12 0.03 0.41 0.13 0.03 0.46 0.0019
  Very rich 15 8.24 5 1.52 0.04 0.01 0.20 0.04 0.01 0.19 < 0.0001
  1. HM Herbal medicine, PM Pharmaceutical Medicine
  2. aAdjusted OR is provided only for the variables associated to the use of HM + PM at the univariate analysis