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Table 1 Demographic Mental Health and Substance Use Characteristics of Any Current Pain Among PLHIV N = 733

From: Factors associated with current and severe pain among people living with HIV: results from a statewide sample

Characteristics No Pain
N = 403 (56.0%)
Any Pain
N = 330 (45.0%)
Unadjusted Odds Ratio P Value
Age in Years     < 0.01
 18–49 (n = 426) 255 (59.9) 171 (40.1) ref  
  ≥ 50 (n = 307) 148 (48.2) 159 (51.8) 1.60 (1.19, 2.15)  
Sex     0.11
 Male (n = 500) 285 (57.0) 215 (43.0) ref  
 Female (n = 233) 118 (50.6) 115 (49.4) 1.29 (0.95,1.77)  
Race/ethnicity     0.15
 Non-Hispanic Black (n = 403) 222 (55.1) 181 (44.9) ref  
 Non-Hispanic White (n = 157) 77 (49.0) 80 (51.0) 0.81 (0.55, 1.20)  
 Hispanic (n = 143) 86 (60.1) 57 (39.9) 1.27 (0.88, 1.84)  
Employment     < 0.01
 Employed (n = 188) 128 (68.1) 60 (31.9) ref  
 Unemployed (n = 529) 266 (50.3) 263 (49.7) 2.11 (1.49, 3.00)  
Anxiety (GAD-7)     < 0.01
 No (< 10) (n = 493) 315 (63.9) 178 (36.1) ref  
 Yes (≥10) (n = 219) 79 (36.1) 140 (63.9) 3.14 (2.25, 4.37)  
Depression (PHQ-8)     < 0.01
 No (< 10) (n = 492) 308 (62.6) 184 (37.4) ref  
 Yes (≥10) (n = 229) 93 (40.6) 136 (59.4) 2.45 (1.78, 3.37)  
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PC-PTSD)     < 0.01
 No (n = 511) 315 (61.6) 196 (38.4) ref  
 Yes (n = 202) 76 (37.6) 126 (62.4) 2.66 (1.90, 3.73)  
Marijuana Use     0.03
 No (n = 466) 266 (57.1) 200 (42.9) ref  
 Recreational use (n = 147) 83 (56.5) 64 (43.5) 1.03 (0.71, 1.49)  
 Therapeutic use (n = 104) 45 (43.3) 59 (56.7) 1.74 (1.14, 2.68)  
Alcohol Consumption   0.47
 No Drinking (n = 192) 112 (58.3) 80 (41.7) ref  
 Non-Hazardous Drinking (n = 257) 140 (54.5) 117 (45.5) 1.17 (0.80, 1.71)  
 Hazardous Drinking (n = 255) 134 (52.6) 121 (47.5) 1.26 (0.87, 1.85)  
Lifetime Injection drug use     0.09
 No (n = 611) 346 (56.6) 265 (43.4) ref  
 Yes (n = 101) 48 (47.5) 53 (52.5) 1.44 (0.95, 2.20)  
Lifetime Crack/Cocaine     0.86
 No (n = 625) 340 (54.7) 281 (42.3) Ref  
 Yes (n = 102) 54 (53.5) 47 (46.5) 1.05 (0.69, 1.61)