Skip to main content

Table 2 Maternal outcomes at 6-months grouped by intervention and comparison groups

From: Community health workers impact on maternal and child health outcomes in rural South Africa – a non-randomized two-group comparison study

  Intervention
(n = 565)
Comparison
(n = 577)
Estimated Mean Difference
Intervention vs. Comparison
Depression Mean SD Mean SD Differencea 95% CI
EPDS score** 4.5 5.0 5.3 5.4 −0.9c,d,†† (−1.7, − 0.2)
Median [range] ** 3 [0–33] 4 [0–26]   
    Estimated Odds Ratio
Intervention vs. Comparison
Depression n % n % ORb 95% CI
EPDS score > 13** 30 6.3 47 9.9 0.5c,e (0.3, 1.1)
EPDS score ≥ 18 14 2.9 18 3.8 0.6 c,e (0.2, 1.8)
  1. Multivariate models controlled for: maternal HIV status, access to electricity and safe water, and grant income above 2000 ZAR
  2. * p-value < 0.1,, ** p-value < 0.05, (t-tests or χ2 tests). p-value < 0.1, †† p-value < 0.05, for regression analyses
  3. a Mixed-effects linear regression for continuous outcomes. b Mixed-effects logistic regression for binary outcomes
  4. c Random-intercept for mother
  5. d Random-slope for time using unstructured covariance
  6. e Random-slope for time using identity covariance structure