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Table 1 Characteristics of selected participants in India and Nepal, 2016 (number, %)

From: Inequalities and risk factors analysis in prevalence and management of hypertension in India and Nepal: a national and subnational study

Characteristics India Nepal
Female Male Female Male
Sample size 682,624 (88.6) 99,217 (11.4) 8435 (58.2) 6059 (41.8)
Age group
 15–24 238,367 (34.9) 33,882 (34.1) 2436 (28.9) 1584 (16.1)
 25–34 206,687 (30.3) 29,355 (29.6) 1932 (22.9) 1089 (18.0)
 35–44 165,034 (24.2) 24,894 (25.1) 1475 (17.5) 1005 (16.6)
 45–49 72,536 (10.6) 11,086 (11.2) 522 (6.2) 427 (7.05)
 Above 49 NA NA 2069 (24.5) 1953 (32.2)
Educational status
 No formal education 180,499 (26.5) 11,098 (11.2) 4009 (47.6) 1449 (23.9)
 Primary education 91,600 (13.4) 12,034 (12.2) 1158 (13.7) 1231 (20.3)
 Secondary education 324,407 (47.6) 58,228 (58.8) 2321 (27.5) 2340 (38.7)
 Higher education 84,942 (12.5) 17,628 (17.8) 941 (1.2) 1032 (17.1)
Marital status
 Never married 153,692 (22.5) 37,212 (37.5) 1339 (15.9) 1369 (22.6)
 Married 500,911 (73.4) 60,785 (61.3) 6241 (74.0) 4387 (72.4)
 Widowed 20,813 (3.1) 583 (0.6) 767 (9.1) 260 (4.3)
 Divorced 2200 (0.3) 239 (0.2) 85 (1.0) 42 (0.7)
 Not Living together 4966 (0.7) 393 (0.4) NA NA
Tobacco consumption
 No 635,761 (93.1) 54,645 (55.1) 8148 (96.6) 4896 (80.8)
 Yes 46,862 (6.9) 44,574 (44.9) 287 (3.4) 1163 (19.2)
Alcohol consumption
 No 73,279 (98.0) 70,020 (70.6) 8383 (99.4) 5903 (97.4)
 Yes 1515 (2.0) 29,197 (29.4) 52 (0.6) 155 (2.6)
Body mass index
 Underweight 152,918 (22.4) 19,992 (20.2) 1577 (18.8) 1079 (17.9)
 Normal 389,263 (57.1) 60,231 (60.8) 4987 (59.3) 3939 (65.5)
 Overweight 104,808 (15.4) 15,717 (15.9) 1420 (16.9) 869 (14.4)
 Obese 34,915 (5.1) 3108 (3.1) 415 (4.9) 130 (2.2)
Wealth quintile
 Q1 (Poorest) 122,110 (17.9) 14,809 (14.9) 1535 (18.2) 1028 (17.0)
 Q2 134,859 (19.8) 18,896 (19.1) 1758 (20.8) 1208 (20.0)
 Q3 141,047 (20.7) 21,209 (21.4) 1831 (21.7) 1291 (21.3)
 Q4 143,992 (21.1) 21,870 (22.0) 1608 (19.1) 1213 (20.0)
 Q5 (Richest) 140,614 (20.6) 22,431 (22.6) 1704 (20.2) 1316 (21.7)
Availability of iodine
 Iodine present 636,778 (93.4) 93,097 (93.9) 7970 (94.6) 5737 (94.8)
 No iodine 43,783 (6.4) 5703 (5.8) 409 (4.9) 272 (4.5)
 No salt in house 1392 (0.2) 318 (0.3) 49 (0.6) 43 (0.7)
Place of residence
 Urban 232,326 (34.0) 37,053 (37.4) 5153 (61.1) 3740 (61.7)
 Rural 450,297 (66.0) 62,163 (62.7) 3281 (38.9) 2318 (38.3)