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Table 4 Control of blood pressure among all individuals with hypertension

From: Hypertension and diabetes in Zanzibar – prevalence and access to care

  Control among all HTN
OR 95% CI p-value
Sex
 Male 1.0   
 Female 4.8 (2.33–9.88) < 0.001
Age
 20–34 years 1.0   
 35–49 0.6 (0.30–1.12) 0.106
 50–65 years 0.6 (0.28–1.29) 0.187
Residence
 Rural 1.0   
 Urban 0.6 (0.28–1.07) 0.077
Education
 No formal education 1.0   
 Some primary/secondary school 1.1 (0.50–3.88) 0.391
 Secondary school or above complete 1.5 (0.59–3.88) 0.391
Employment
 No formal or self employment 1.0   
 Self employed 1.9 (0.92–3.87) 0.081
 Formally employed 3.0 (1.26–7.17) 0.013
Tobacco use
 Never smoked 1.0   
 Former smoker 0.6 (0.19–1.89) 0.388
 Current smoker 0.4 (0.09–1.93) 0.264
BMI
 Normal or underweight 1.0   
 Overweight 2.5 (1.29–4.76) 0.007
 Obese 1.9 (0.86–4.11) 0.115
Previously diagnosed with diabetes 0.6 (0.21–1.65) 0.312
Sedentary for at least 3 h/day 0.8 (0.47–1.45) 0.497
Mental illness present 2.0 (0.81–4.70) 0.135
  1. Estimated Odds Ratios for relationship between individual level variable, and achieving adequate BP control, among all people with hypertension (n = 813). Each variable adjusted for all other variables