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Table 3 Lifetime costs attributable to child abuse for the first time in 2016

From: The burden of disease and the cost of illness attributable to child maltreatment in Japan: long-term health consequences largely matter

Items of the costs (USD, million) 95% CI %
Direct costs (Medical costs) 8930.6 6502.1 11,674.4 17.8%
 Short-term (AHT) 4.9 3.8 6.0 0.0%
 Long-term (other diseases) 8925.7 6498.3 11,668.5 17.8%
Indirect costs 41,305.7 30,965.5 52,429.2 82.2%
 Abuse death a (Productivity losses) 468.2 234.1 702.3 0.9%
 Survival AHT (DALYs) b 721.0 719.0 727.0 1.4%
 Long-term loss of other diseases b 40,116.4 30,012.4 50,999.8 79.9%
Total costs 50,236.3 37,467.7 64,103.6 1.3 million GDP per capita
  1. AHT Abusive head trauma
  2. a: we used 0.5–1.5 times of base line data for range costs of child abuse
  3. b: Costs of suffering and pain: DALYs converted into monetary value by multiplying a gross domestic product per capita