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Table 1 Trends in SPYLLs for the major types of CVD in Yangpu, Shanghai, China, 1974–2015

From: Associations of socioeconomic factors with cause-specific Mortality and burden of cardiovascular diseases: findings from the vital registration in urban Shanghai, China, during 1974–2015

Types of CVD AAPC
(95% CI)
(1974-2015)
Joinpoint trend 1 Joinpoint trend 2 Joinpoint trend 3
Years AAPC
(95% CI)
Years AAPC
(95% CI)
Years AAPC
(95% CI)
Ischemic heart disease 0.3 (-0.1 to 0.8)       
Hemorrhagic stroke -1.3 (-2.4 to -0.2) b 1974-1994 1.5 (0.4 to 2.6) b 1994-2005 -8.7 (-11.2 to -6.1) b 2005-2015 1.7 (-1.0 to 4.4)
Ischemic stroke -0.3 (-1.3 to 0.6)       
Sequelae of cerebrovascular disease 3.1 (-4.3 to 10.8) 1974-1977 66.1 (6.1 to 160.1) b 1977-1980 -24.5 (-69.8 to 89.1) 1980-2015 1.6 (0.5 to 2.7) b
Hypertensive disease 1.0 (-1.2 to 3.2) 1974-1977 14.4 (-12.3 to 49.3) 1977-1992 -6.0 (-8.2 to -3.7) b 1992-2015 4.6 (3.3 to 6.0) b
Rheumatic heart disease -6.5 (-8.2 to -4.8) b 1974-1979 -10.7 (-19.0 to -1.5) b 1979-1991 1.2 (-2.3 to 4.8) 1991-2015 -9.2 (-10.8 to -7.6) b
Other forms of heart diseasea 1.8 (-0.7 to 4.3) 1974-1982 -7.8 (-18.3 to 4.1) 1982-2015 4.2 (3.0 to 5.4) b   
Other cardiovascular and circulatory diseases -1.0 (-12.0 to 11.4) 1974-1990 0.4 (-6.2 to 7.4) 1990-1993 64.4 (-66.8 to 715.3) 1993-2015 -8.5 (-12.0 to -4.9) b
  1. AAPC average annual percentage change, CVD cardiovascular disease, 95% CI 95% confidence intervals, SPYLLs age-standardized person years of life lost per 100,000 persons
  2. aOther forms of heart disease include heart failure, pericarditis and other diseases of pericardium, acute and subacute endocarditis, heart valve diseases, myocarditis and cardiomyopathy, conduction diseases, cardiac arrest, cardiac arrhythmias
  3. bAAPC value is significantly different from 0 at α=0.05