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Table 2 Associations between socio-demographic characteristics and patient adherence

From: An examination of the socio-demographic correlates of patient adherence to self-management behaviors and the mediating roles of health attitudes and self-efficacy among patients with coexisting type 2 diabetes and hypertension

Socio-demographic characteristics Adherence to medication therapy Adherence to diet therapy Adherence to regular exercise
OR (95% CI) P OR (95% CI) P OR (95% CI) P
Sex
 Male 1   1   1  
 Female 1.55 (0.81, 2.96) 0.19 1.33 (0.72, 2.46) 0.36 0.49 (0.26, 0.94) 0.03*
Age (years)
  < 64 1   1   1  
  ≥ 64 1.21 (0.65, 2.28) 0.55 2.21 (1.19, 4.09) 0.01* 1.17 (0.63, 2.20) 0.62
Education level
 Lower 1   1   1  
 Higher 0.66 (0.34, 1.29) 0.23 1.23 (0.66, 2.30) 0.51 1.84 (0.95, 3.59) 0.07
Living status
 Living alone 1   1   1  
 Living with family/others 0.63 (0.23, 1.69) 0.36 0.74 (0.29, 1.87) 0.52 3.44 (1.24, 9.49) 0.02*
Perceived health status
 Poor 1   1   1  
 Good 2.02 (1.08, 3.76) 0.03* 1.44 (0.80, 2.61) 0.23 1.69 (0.91, 3.15) 0.10
Diabetes duration (years)
  ≤ 15 1   1   1  
  > 15 0.99 (0.53, 1.87) 0.99 1.08 (0.59, 1.97) 0.81 1.72 (0.92, 3.20) 0.09
Hypertension duration (years)
  ≤ 10 1   1   1  
  > 10 1.58 (0.83, 3.01) 0.17 0.90 (0.49, 1.66) 0.74 0.66 (0.35, 1.24) 0.20
Socio-demographic characteristics Adherence to tobacco and alcohol avoidance Adherence to stress reduction Adherence to self-monitoring/self-care
OR (95% CI) P OR (95% CI) P OR (95% CI) P
Sex
 Male 1   1   1  
 Female 9.87 (3.83, 25.41) < 0.001* 0.60 (0.32, 1.12) 0.11 1.23 (0.68, 2.24) 0.49
Age (years)
  < 64 1   1   1  
  ≥ 64 1.73 (0.79, 3.78) 0.17 0.76 (0.41, 1.41) 0.39 2.17 (1.16, 4.05) 0.02*
Education level
 Lower 1   1   1  
 Higher 1.08 (0.50, 2.34) 0.84 1.62 (0.84, 3.11) 0.15 1.00 (0.55, 1.83) 1.00
Living status
 Living alone 1   1   1  
 Living with family/others 0.10 (0.01, 0.85) 0.04* 0.75 (0.28, 2.00) 0.57 2.37 (0.94, 5.97) 0.07
Perceived health status
 Poor 1   1   1  
VGood 1.87 (0.87, 3.99) 0.11 1.61 (0.87, 2.96) 0.13 0.81 (0.45, 1.46) 0.49
Diabetes duration (years)
  ≤ 15 1   1   1  
  > 15 0.88 (0.41, 1.87) 0.74 1.68 (0.90, 3.16) 0.10 2.33 (1.25, 4.37) 0.01*
Hypertension duration (years)
  ≤ 10 1   1   1  
  > 10 1.32 (0.60, 2.92) 0.49 1.18 (0.62, 2.24) 0.61 0.77 (0.41, 1.45) 0.42
  1. *indicates a significant association