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Table 2 Child abuse by sociodemographic and political determinants

From: Child abuse in the West Bank of the occupied Palestinian territory (WB/oPt): social and political determinants

Variable (n) Variable (n) Child abuse (%)
Low to moderate levels
Child abuse (%)
High levels
Chi square
(P-value)
Gender (child) Male (575) 63.1 36.9 0.017
Female (532) 69.4 30.6  
Children age (years) Less than 6 (568) 65.3 34.7 0.397
6 to 9 (400) 65.5 34.5  
10 to 12 (139) 71.2 28.8  
Mothers age 16–29 (242) 57.9 42.1 < 0.001
30–39 (540) 64.1 35.9  
40–49 (284) 73.9 26.1  
50 and above (41) 87.8 12.2  
Fathers age 19–29 (61) 60.7 39.3 0.003
30–39 (423) 60.8 39.2  
40–49 (457) 68.5 31.5  
50 and above (166) 75.3 24.7  
Child’s position in Family First/Only child (107) 62.6 37.4 0.002
Middle child (325) 59.1 40.9  
Last child (675) 70.1 29.9  
Education (father) Below secondary (673) 63.9 36.1 0.007
Secondary (194) 63.4 36.6  
Post-secondary (240) 74.6 25.4  
Number of persons working part-time at household No body (931) 64.8 35.2 0.017
1 to 4 persons (176) 73.3 26.7  
Dependency ratio No body (69) 58.0 42.0 0.019
1–3 persons (166) 74.7 25.3  
More than 3 (872) 65.1 34.9  
Child disability No (988) 67.0 33.0 0.048
Yes (119) 58.8 41.2  
Locality type Urban (412) 66.0 34.0 0.030
Rural (614) 67.9 32.1  
Camp (81) 53.1 46.9  
Refugee status Refugee (336) 61.3 38.7 0.016
Non refugee (771) 68.2 31.8  
Parental warmth Low (244) 50.4 49.6 < 0.001
Moderate to high (863) 70.6 29.4  
Political violence No (650) 69.7 30.3 0.002
Yes (457) 61.1 38.9  
Overall (732) 66.1 (375) 33.9