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Table 3 Odds of excess adiposity in adolescents who met different numbers and specific combinations of recommendations within the 24-hour movement guidelines (n = 324)

From: Is adherence to the 24-hour movement guidelines associated with a reduced risk of adiposity among children and adolescents?

  Adherence BMI z-score > 1 SD >85th percentile of FM% >85th percentile of VAT
% OR (95% CI) p-value OR (95% CI) p-value OR (95% CI) p-value
Number of recommendations
 None 36.4 Ref.    Ref.    Ref.   
 One 47.2 0.51 (0.27–0.96) 0.042 0.49 (0.23–1.03) 0.059 0.39 (0.19–0.81) 0.012
 Two 14.2 0.33 (0.11–0.94) 0.039 0.69 (0.25–1.88) 0.468 0.25 (0.07–0.90) 0.034
 Three 2.2 1.27 (0.23–7.16) 0.787 0.77 (0.09–6.95) 0.813 0.25 (0.07–5.88) 0.704
Combinations of recommendations
 Did not meet any recommendation 36.4 Ref.    Ref.    Ref.   
 PA only 6.8 0.67 (0.20–2.22) 0.510 0.23 (0.03–1.79) 0.158 0.18 (0.02–1.39) 0.100
 ST only 26.2 0.38 (0.17–0.89) 0.025 0.34 (0.13–0.93) 0.035 0.27 (0.10–0.74) 0.010
 SL only 14.2 0.63 (0.26–1.57) 0.325 0.90 (0.34–2.34) 0.824 0,72 (0.28–1.86) 0.500
 PA + ST 4.9 0.34 (0.07–1.65) 0.179 0.59 (0.12–2.88) 0.514 0.22 (0.03–1.79) 0.157
 PA + SL 2.5 1.56 (0.27–8.85) 0.618 2.15 (0.38–12.23) 0.387 1.79 (0.32–10.10) 0.510
 ST + SL 6.8 0.11 (0.01–0.89) 0.039 0.42 (0.09–2.01) 0.281 NA   
 PA + ST + SL 2.2 1.20 (0.21–6.79) 0.836 0.72 (0.08–6.58) 0.774 0.62 (0.07–5.59) 0.668
  1. BMI – body mass index, CI – confidence interval, FM% – fat mass percentage, OR – odds ratio, PA – physical activity, Ref – reference group, SD – standard deviation, ST – screen time, SL – sleep, VAT – visceral adiposity tissue
  2. NA, not applicable – indicating insufficient sample size for estimation
  3. The model was adjusted for sex, age, birth weight, maternal obesity, and unhealthy diet
  4. Adolescents with ≥60 min/day of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity, < 2 h/day of recreational ST, and uninterrupted sleep for 8–10 h/day were considered to meet the overall 24-hour movement guidelines