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Table 1 Characteristics of Participants Stratified by Years of Hyperlipidemia

From: Prolonged hyperlipidemia exposure increases the risk of arterial stiffness in young adults: a cross-sectional study in a cohort of Chinese

variable Normal (N = 4202) Low exposure (N = 4485) High exposure (N = 3744) Total (N = 12,431) P different
Age, year 45.36 ± 5.46 46.52 ± 5.35 47.48 ± 4.97 46.42 ± 5.34 < 0.01
Men, n (%) 2742 (65.3) 3265 (72.8) 2993 (79.9) 9000 (72.4) < 0.01
Waist circumference, cm 84.96 ± 9.67 86.54 ± 9.62 87.70 ± 9.38 86.36 ± 9.63 < 0.01
Body mass index, kg/m2 24.57 ± 3.39 25.19 ± 3.34 25.56 ± 3.29 25.09 ± 3.37 < 0.01
Total cholesterol, mg/dl 4.37 ± 0.54 5.23 ± 1.36 6.08 ± 1.04 5.19 ± 1.25 < 0.01
HDL, mg/dl 1.31 ± 0.59 1.37 ± 0.62 1.41 ± 0.53 1.36 ± 0.59 < 0.01
LDL-C, mg/dl 2.30 ± 0.54 2.89 ± 1.59 3.29 ± 0.88 2.81 ± 1.18 < 0.01
SBP, mm Hg 127.2 ± 16.39 130.6 ± 16.38 133.9 ± 16.84 130.5 ± 16.73 < 0.01
BaPWV, cm/s 1430 ± 257 1492 ± 280 1550 ± 293 1489 ± 281 < 0.01
Anti-hypertesion, n (%) 339 (8.1) 460 (10.3) 605 (16.2) 1404 (11.3) < 0.01
Physical exercise, n (%) 257 (6.4) 288 (6.8) 296 (8.2) 841 (7.1) < 0.01
Hypertension, n (%) 1035 (24.6) 1456 (32.5) 1497 (40.0) 3988 (32.1) < 0.01
Diabetes, n (%) 460 (10.9) 752 (16.8) 822 (22.0) 2034 (16.4) < 0.01
Alcohol consumption, n (%) 2743 (65.3) 2668 (59.5) 1871 (50.0) 7282 (58.6) < 0.01
Smoking, n (%) 1462 (34.8) 1852 (41.3) 1712 (45.7) 5026 (40.4) < 0.01
Arterial stiffness, n (%) 1986 (47.3) 2567 (57.2) 2475 (66.1) 7028 (56.5) < 0.01
  1. HDL high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, LDL-C low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, SBP systolic blood pressure, BaPWV brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity