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Table 1 Characteristic of the study population. LTSA diagnostic groups in 2005 and DR in 2007–2014

From: From long-term sickness absence to disability retirement: diagnostic and occupational class differences within the working-age Finnish population

  Men Women
Distr. (%) LTSA in 2005 (%) New DR in 2007–2014 (%) Distr. (%) LTSA in 2005 (%) New DR in 2007–2014 (%)
Occupational class Upper non-manual employees 23.2 5.3 2.6 21.7 9.2 3.3
Lower non-manual employees 22.0 8.1 4.3 49.1 13.6 6.5
Manual workers 41.4 12.2 8.1 21.0 16.9 10.6
Self-employed 14.5 7.0 7.1 8.2 9.3 7.3
Age 25–34 25.1 5.9 1.6 23.6 8.7 1.9
35–44 28.8 8.5 3.1 28.2 11.7 3.7
45–54 29.0 10.7 9.9 30.3 15.1 10.7
55–62 17.2 11.5 10.2 18.0 17.0 11.2
Marital status Single 32.7 7.4 4.3 26.4 9.8 4.1
Marrieda 56.0 9.3 6.1 57.5 13.1 7.0
Otherb 11.3 12.0 9.7 16.1 17.6 10.2
Level of urbanization Urban 56.5 8.5 5.2 58.7 12.6 6.2
Densely populated 16.5 9.5 6.6 15.9 13.4 7.2
Rural 26.9 9.7 6.9 25.4 13.7 7.6
Diagnostic group of Any LTSA 9.0 100.0 15.2 13.0 100.0 16.4
LTSA in 2005 c Musculoskeletal diseases 3.3 100.0 18.7 4.5 100.0 21.5
Mental disorders 1.0 100.0 18.5 2.3 100.0 18.4
Respiratory diseases 0.5 100.0 13.3 0.8 100.0 16.7
Circulatory diseases 0.6 100.0 18.8 0.7 100.0 15.6
Total (%)   100.0 9.0 5.9 100.0 13.0 6.7
N   733,452 66,022 43,222 724,836 94,066 48,851
  1. LTSA Long-term sickness absence. DR Disability retirement
  2. aIncluding registered partnerships
  3. bIncluding separated, divorced, widowed (from marriage or registered partnership) and those with missing information
  4. cCan sum up to over 100% as the same persons can have more than one LTSA spell