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Table 3 The profile of SN changes among community-dwelling ethnically diverse older adults living in Birmingham, UK (N = 81)

From: Social networks and their influences on nutrient intake, nutritional status and physical function in community-dwelling ethnically diverse older adults: a mixed-methods longitudinal study

VariableTotal at follow-up (N = 81)Remained integrated (N = 27)Changed to integrated (N = 9)Remained non-integrated (N = 30)Changed to non-integrated (N = 15)P-value*
Age Mean (SD)70.9 (8.1)71.3 (7.7)72.4 (9.1)69.8 (8.8)71.3 (7.5)0.808
Sex N (%)Male50 (61.7)16 (59.3)6 (66.7)19 (63.3)9 (60.0)0.975
Female31 (38.3)11 (40.7)3 (33.3)11 (36.7)6 (40.0)
Marital statusMarried55 (67.9)23 (85.2)5 (55.6)18 (60.0)9 (60.0)0.137
Not married26 (32.1)4 (14.8)4 (44.4)12 (40.0)6 (40.0)
Ethnicity N (%)Pakistani6 (22.2)2 (22.2)2 (6.7)5 (33.3)6 (22.2)0.483
Indian2 (7.4)0 (0.0)3 (10.0)0 (0.0)2 (7.4)
Bangladeshi0 (0.0)0 (0.0)2 (6.7)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)
Caribbean14 (51.9)5 (55.6)14 (46.7)5 (33.3)14 (51.9)
African3 (11.1)1 (11.1)8 (26.7)3 (20.0)3 (11.1)
Others2 (7.4)1 (11.1)1 (3.30)2 (13.3)2 (7.4)
IMD Quartiles N (%)1 (Most deprived)10 (37.0)4 (44.4)10 (33.3)5 (33.3)10 (37.0)0.924
24 (14.8)2.0 (22.2)9 (30.0)4 (26.7)4 (14.8)
34 (14.8)1 (11.1)5 (16.7)1 (6.70)4 (14.8)
4 (least deprived)9 (33.3)2 (22.2)6 (20.0)5 (33.3)9 (33.3)
Self-rated health N (%)Excellent10 (12.3)4 (14.8)2 (22.2)3 (10.0)1 (6.7)0.05
Good42 (51.9)21 (77.8)4 (44.8)11 (36.7)6 (40.0)
Fair18 (22.2)2 (7.4)2 (22.2)8 (26.7)6 (40.0)
Poor11 (13.6)0 (0.0)1 (11.1)8 (26.7)2 (13.3)
Number of diseases Mean (SD)2.0 (1.4)1.7 (1.2)1.6 (0.7)2.3 (1.7)2.1 (1.0)0.303
MNA-SF Mean (SD)T112.6 (1.6)12.7 (1.4)13.0 (0.7)12.5 (2.0)12.1 (1.0)0.572
T212.0 (1.8)12.6 (1.6)13.1 (0.9)11.7 (1.9)11.1 (1.9)0.018
SPPB Mean (SD)T19.5 (3.2)10.2 (2.1)10.4 (2.6)8.2 (4.1)10.2 (2.2)0.039
T28.6 (3.3)9.7 (2.6)9.8 (2.3)7.1 (4.2)9.0 (2.2)0.018
HGS Mean (SD)T127.9 (9.6)27.7 (8.6)32.3 (9.1)26.1 (11.3)28.8 (7.3)0.386
T227.2 (8.6)28.5 (8.4)29.9 (8.9)24.4 (9.2)28.8 (6.9)0.171
WC Mean (SD)T1100.2 (10.5)99.5 (10.1)98.6 (11.5)100.2 (12.0)102.3 (7.9)0.822
T2100.9 (10.7)99 (7.7)98.1 (12.3)101.7 (13.6)104.4 (6.6)0.382
Length of stay in the UK43.3 (16.3)51.2 (10.4)43.8 (17.9)34.5 (17.6)46.1 (14.4)0.001
mean (SD) years
  1. SD Standard deviation; MNA-SF Mini Nutritional Assessment-Short Form; SPPB Short Physical Performance Battery; HGS Handgrip strength; WC Waist circumference
  2. * Mean difference between changes in social network groups. (P value calculated using chi-square and Kruskal Wallis tests where appropriate)