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Table 2 Associations between SES and physical inactivity and non-participation in sports1

From: Physical inactivity, non-participation in sports and socioeconomic status: a large population-based study among Norwegian adolescents

  Physical inactivity Non-participation in individual sports Non-participation in team sports
  Girls Boys Girls Boys Girls Boys
  RR (95% CI) p-value RR (95% CI) p-value RR (95% CI) p-value RR (95% CI) p-value RR (95% CI) p-value RR (95% CI) p-value
Parental SES
 Family economic well-being (Better than others is reference)
 Equal to others 1.02 (0.99–1.05) 0.090 1.03 (1.00–1.05) 0.030 1.03 (1.01–1.06) 0.005 1.03 (1.01–1.06) 0.002 1.01 (0.99–1.03) 0.361 1.02 (1.00–1.05) 0.043
 Poorer than others 1.04 (0.99–1.09) 0.069 1.04 (0.99–1.10) 0.102 1.03 (0.99–1.07) 0.194 1.05 (1.00–1.09) 0.032 1.05 (1.02–1.08) 0.003 1.08 (1.03–1.12) < 0.001
Family education (Higher is reference)
 Intermediate 1.05 (1.03–1.07) < 0.001 1.00 (0.98–1.02) 0.944 1.04 (1.02–1.06) < 0.001 1.00 (0.98–1.02) 0.919 0.98 (0.97–1.00) 0.053 1.00 (0.98–1.02) 0.781
 Basic 1.12 (1.06–1.17) < 0.001 1.01 (0.96–1.06) 0.736 1.08 (1.04–1.12) < 0.001 1.04 (0.99–1.09) 0.051 1.02 (0.99–1.05) 0.260 1.00 (0.95–1.05) 0.990
Parent work status (Both parents working is reference)
 Out-of-work (one parent) 1.01 (0.97–1.06) 0.590 1.03 (0.98–1.08) 0.252 1.03 (0.99–1.07) 0.113 1.02 (0.98–1.06) 0.397 1.00 (0.97–1.03) 0.995 1.06 (1.02–1.10) 0.003
 Out-of-work (both parents) 1.09 (0.99–1.19) 0.078 1.10 (0.99–1.22) 0.065 1.03 (0.96–1.11) 0.386 0.99 (0.90–1.08) 0.786 0.96 (0.89–1.03) 0.223 0.99 (0.90–1.09) 0.866
Adolescent SES
 School program (General studies is reference)
 Vocational studies 1.03 (1.01–1.05) 0.016 1.05 (1.03–1.08) < 0.001 1.04 (1.02–1.06) < 0.001 1.04 (1.01–1.06) 0.001 1.04 (1.02–1.05) < 0.001 1.05 (1.03–1.07) < 0.001
  1. SES Socioeconomic status. RR Relative risk. CI Confidence interval
  2. 1All analyses are additionally adjusted for age, ethnicity, and family structure