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Table 3 Generalized ordinal logistic regression of factors associated with access to primary care

From: Access to primary healthcare services and associated factors in urban slums in Nairobi-Kenya

Access tertile Unadjusted ModelAdjusted Model
OR95% CIOR95% CI
Lowest
 Sex of the household head (Ref: female)Male2.50*1.434.362.07*1.143.76
 Quarterly healthcare expenditureUSD 5- USD 9990.35*0.170.720.27*0.130.59
  (Ref:≤USD 5)USD 10- USD 29.90.500.251.000.39*0.180.83
≥USD 300.29**0.150.540.24**0.120.47
 Source of primary care (Ref: public)Private2.94**1.794.843.56**2.076.11
 Age group (Ref: 18–29)30–440.850.511.44   
45–591.280.592.78   
> 604.620.5637.78   
 Education (Ref: primary)Secondary0.970.591.59   
Tertiary1.200.433.33   
 Household size (Ref: 1 to 3)4+0.600.370.98   
 Marital status (Ref: married/living together)Single/divorced/separated/widowed0.930.581.51   
 Wealth tertile (Ref: lowest)Middle0.670.371.21   
Highest0.870.481.58   
Ethnicity (Ref: Kamba)Kikuyu0.730.401.32   
Kisii0.410.151.08   
Luhya0.740.351.55   
Luo1.330.404.38   
Others0.560.211.53   
Moderate
 Sex of the household head (Ref: female)Male2.50*1.434.363.05*1.476.37
 Quarterly healthcare expenditureUSD 5- USD 9990.720.341.500.510.231.13
  (Ref:≤USD 5)USD 10- USD 29.90.780.391.540.570.271.21
≥USD 300.51*0.270.990.36*0.180.74
 Source of primary care (Ref: public)Private5.76**3.3010.076.64**3.6712.01
 Age group (Ref: 18–29)30–440.650.381.10   
45–591.260.612.58   
> 600.420.082.06   
 Education (Ref: primary)Secondary0.850.521.40   
Tertiary0.440.141.39   
 Household size (Ref: 1 to 3)4+0.730.441.20   
 Marital status (Ref: married/living together)Divorced/separated/widowed0.830.511.35   
 Wealth tertile (Ref: lowest)Middle0.720.401.32   
Highest1.090.611.94   
 Ethnicity (Ref: Kamba)Kikuyu0.730.401.32   
Kisii0.410.151.08   
Luhya0.740.351.55   
Luo1.330.404.38   
Others0.560.211.53   
  1. CI confidence interval, Ref reference category, *significant at *p < 0.05, *** significant at p < 0.001