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Table 4 Final lines-of-argument synthesis

From: Inequalities, harm reduction and non-combustible nicotine products: a meta-ethnography of qualitative evidence

Pessimistic (more common findings) Uncertain (more common findings) Optimistic (less common findings)
Social, cultural and economic circumstances of socioeconomically disadvantaged smokers not conducive to NCNP uptake NCNP positioned as useful for smoking reduction but not necessarily smoking cessation
NCNP alone perceived to have limited potential for smoking harm reduction
Social, cultural and economic circumstances of socioeconomically disadvantaged smokers can be conducive to NCNP uptake
NCNP do not carry enough ‘relative advantage’ over smoking NCNP have some ‘relative advantage’ over cigarettes
Lack of clear information about relative harm of NCNP Accepted knowledge about relative harm and NCNP