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Table 2 Included e-cigarettes studies

From: Inequalities, harm reduction and non-combustible nicotine products: a meta-ethnography of qualitative evidence

Study Location Participants Methods SES Study period Study aims
Rooke et al. 2016 [49] Central Scotland N = 64, smokers and recent ex-smokers, mean age 36, 33 female Interviews and focus groups Recruitment from socially disadvantaged areas 2013–2014 To explore the understandings and experiences of e-cigarettes among disadvantaged smokers and recent ex-smokers
Rowa-Dewar et al. 2017 [50] Five communities in Edinburgh, UK N = 25, smokers and some ex-smokers, parents of young children, 22-47yo, 22 female Interviews Recruitment from socially disadvantaged areas 2013–2014 To explore the uses and perceptions of e-cigarettes by disadvantaged parents, especially in relation to temporary smoking abstinence in the home.
Thirlway 2016 [29] North West Durham, North-East England, UK N = 41, smokers and ex-smokers, 18-75yo, mean age 42, 28 men Ethnographic observation, including field notes and interviews Recruitment from predominantly working class sites 2012–2015 To explore the potential of e-cigarettes to address health inequalities.