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Table 3 Included frameworks grouped by decade of publication and source

From: A scoping review of evaluation frameworks and their applicability to real-world physical activity and dietary change programme evaluation

 1990–19992000–20092010–2018
Academic Literature1Evaluation of Health Education [58]
Evaluation of Healthy Community Initiatives [59]
Health Workers Guide [60]
Realistic Evaluation [20]
Utilization-Focused Evaluation [61]
Framework for Outcome Assessment [62]
Intervention Mapping [47, 63]
MMIPP [64]
PRECEDE-PROCEED [46, 51]
Stages of Evaluation Model [33, 65]
Principles for Evaluating Community HP [66]
RE-AIM [19]
California Healthy Cities Framework [67]
Setting Standards [34]
Community Initiative Evaluation Model [68, 69]
Evaluation in Health Promotion [70]
Formative Model of Service Evaluation [71]
Planning, Implementation & Evaluation Model [72]
Process Evaluation for Public Health [73]
Six Step Guide to Process Evaluation [74]
Concepts in process evaluation [75]
Evaluating Legacy of community health initiatives [76]
Getting to Outcomes [77]
HEBS Framework [14]
Levels of Coalition Evaluation [78]
Participative Framework Health Inequalities [79]
Participation, Partnerships & Equity [80]
Settings for Health Promotion [49]
Well Connected [81]
Cross-site Evaluation Tool [82]
Empowerment Framework in Nutrition [83]
Evaluating Complex Community-Based HP [84]
Generic Evaluation Toolkit [85]
Systematic Evaluation Multiple Components [86]
Contextual Factors Framework [50]
Coordinated Action Checklist [87]
Multilevel Framework [88]
OPEN tool [89]
Process Evaluation in Group Settings [90]
Process Evaluation Cluster Randomised Trials [91]
Supportive Social Environments for Health [92]
Three Dimensional Health Cube [93]
Grey Literature1WHO Recommendations [94]Kellogg Foundation Evaluation Handbook [95]
Logic Model Development Guide [48]
NICE Guidance: Behaviour Change [96]
Evaluating Community Projects [97]
Framework for Community Health [98]
Evaluating Sport & Physical Activity [99]
Health Planners Toolkit [100]
LEAP [101]
Physical Activity Evaluation Handbook [102]
Sport England Evaluation Framework [103]
SEF for Weight Management [18]
Better Evaluation [104]
Centre TRT’s Framework [105]
Community Toolbox [106]
Evaluation Works: a toolkit [107]
Public Health England (PHE) Guide [108]
Magenta Book [109]
Ontario Evaluation Workbook [110]
Victoria Govt DoH Framework [111]
GPAT [112]
SEF for Dietary Interventions [17]
SEF for Physical Activity [16]
BothCDC Framework [15, 52]MRC Complex Intervention Guidance [53, 54]
Impact Pathway Analysis (PIPA) [56, 57, 113]
MRC Process Evaluation Guidance [12, 35, 55]
MRC Natural Experiments [114, 115]
GENIE [116, 117]
  1. Italics = flexible guidance, Normal text = frameworks formatted as steps, Bold = frameworks formatted as a set of indicators
  2. 1Academic literature included journal articles and books. Grey literature was defined as all other printed and electronic documents published by organisations and agencies