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Table 9 Distribution of Confounders between HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected after matching for MDHS 2010 and 2015-16 data

From: Assessing the effects of maternal HIV infection on pregnancy outcomes using cross-sectional data in Malawi

Characteristic Mothers HIV status (2010) Mothers HIV Status(2015)
  HIV-infected HIV-uninfected p-value HIV-infected(%) HIV-uninfected(%) p-value
Overall 301(51.2) 306(48.8)   387(50.1) 386(49.9)  
Residence
Urban 66(20.6) 58(19.0)   112(28.9) 120(31.1)  
Rural 255(79.4) 248(81) 0.61 275(71.1) 266(68.9) 0.52
Region
Northern 42(13.1) 37(12.1)   46(11.9) 41(10.6)  
Central 84(26.2) 101(33.0)   91(23.5) 117(30.3)  
Southern 195(60.8) 168(54.9) 0.17 250(64.6) 228(59.1) 0.10
Age
15-24 78(24.3) 97(31.7)   93(24.0) 90(23.3)  
25-34 173(53.9) 122(39.9)   181(46.8) 197(51.0)  
35 above 70(21.8) 87(28.4) 0.13 113(29.2) 99(25.7) 0.44
Wealth
Poor 100(31.2) 96(31.4)   144(37.2) 137(35.5)  
Middle 70(21.8) 65(21.2)   65(16.8) 67(17.4)  
Rich 151(47.0) 145(47.4) 0.98 178(46) 182(47.1) 0.88
Education
None 50(15.6) 41(13.4)   44(11.4) 54(14.0)  
Primary 199(62) 206(67.3)   242(62.5) 213(55.2)  
Secondary 69(21.5) 57(18.6)   94(24.3) 107(27.7)  
Tertiary 3(0.9) 2(0.6) 0.57 7(1.8) 12(3.1) 0.17
Anaemia
No 193(60.1) 196(64.1)   196(50.7) 193(50.0)  
Yes 128(39.9) 116(35.9) 0.31 191(49.3) 193(50.0) 0.86
Ever terminated pregnancy
No 272(84.7) 259(84.6)   332(85.8) 322(83.4)  
Yes 49(15.3) 47(15.4) 0.97 55(14.2) 64(16.6) 0.30
Marital Status
Never married 8(2.5) 3(1.0)   10(2.6) 8(2.1)  
Married 197(61.4) 202(66.0)   273(70.5) 275(71.2)  
Living together 32(10.0) 36(11.8)   18(4.7) 26(6.7)  
Widowed 21(6.5) 5(1.6)   13(3.4) 12(3.1)  
Divorced 37(11.5) 22(7.2)   37(9.6) 23(6.0)  
Not Living together 26(8.1) 38(12.4) 0.03 36(9.3) 42(10.9) 0.36