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Table 4 Logistic regression analysis for associations of multisite musculoskeletal pain at 16 years with cumulative unemployment, and employment days, and permanent work disability at 25–29 years among both genders

From: Accumulated unhealthy behaviors and psychosocial problems in adolescence are associated with labor market exclusion in early adulthood – a northern Finland birth cohort 1986 study

 MENWOMEN
Multisite musculoskeletal pain
(RR/OR, CI)
No pain/one pain-siteMultisite musculoskeletal pain
(RR/OR, CI)
No pain/one pain-site
Over 1 year of unemployment*0.86 (0.72–1.04)
(n = 266)
1.01.02 (0.86–1.22)
(n = 502)
1.0
Under 1 year of unemployment*0.96 (0.81–1.14)
(n = 333)
1.00.93 (0.79–1.10)
(n = 614)
1.0
No unemployment*1.0 1.0 
No employment days*0.79 (0.54–1.15)
(n = 50)
1.00.97 (0.71–1.33)
(n = 122)
1.0
Under 4 year of employment*1.04 (0.89–1.21)
(n = 457)
1.01.06 (0.92–1.22)
(n = 1021)
1.0
Over 4 year of employment*1.0 1.0 
Permanent work disability**1.34 (0.69–2.62)
(n = 17)
1.01.46 (0.70–3.06)
(n = 25)
1.0
No permanent work disability**1.0 1.0 
  1. Adjusted for education level, family leaves and childhood family SES
  2. RR = risk ratio
  3. OR = odds ratio
  4. CI = confidence interval
  5. *=N = 6782
  6. **=N = 6852