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Table 1 Characteristics of the study sample based on the different symptoms

From: Involvement of personal and professional relations among men bothered by lower urinary tract symptoms: a population-based cross-sectional study

 Study sampleDifficulty emptying the bladderFrequent urinationNocturiaStress incontinenceUrge incontinenceIncontinence without stress/urgeOver all incontinencea
n(%)n(%)n(%)n%n%n%n%n%
Study sample
 Over all22,297(100)1676(7.5)1467(6.6)3794(17.0)135(0.6)730(3.3)219(1.0)921(4.1)
Age
  <  405303(23.8)166(3.1)201(3.8)350(6.6)11(0.2)45(0.8)23(0.4)71(1.3)
 40–598867(39.8)497(5.6)458(5.2)1309(14.8)41(0.5)186(2.1)47(0.5)239(2.7)
 60–797528(33.8)920(12.2)732(9.7)1928(25.6)66(0.9)444(5.9)126(1.7)539(7.2)
  >  80599(2.7)93(15.5)76(12.7)207(34.6)17(2.8)55(9.2)23(3.8)72(12.0)
Social network
 Available social network19,650(88.1)1394(83.2)1180(80.4)3148(83.0)100(74.1)594(81.4)174(79.5)747(81.1)
Professional relationsb
 General practitioner  643(38.4)559(38.1)1095(28.9)62(45.9)251(34.4)82(37.4)320(34.7)
 Another doctor  489(29.2)425(29.0)803(21.2)50(37.0)185(25.3)79(36.1)249(27.0)
 Physioterapist/chiropractor  18(1.1)19(1.3)21(0.6)<  5 5(0.7)5(2.3)11(1.2)
 Home carer/nurse  17(1.0)13(0.9)26(0.7)<  5 8(1.1)9(4.1)18(2.0)
 Pharmacy staff  11(0.7)11(0.7)20(0.5)<  5 5(0.7)<  5 7(0.8)
 Alternative therapist  21(1.3)17(1.2)43(1.1)<  5 8(1.1)<  5 10(1.1)
 Other  92(5.5)76(5.2)222(5.9)7(5.2)37(5.1)18(8.2)50(5.4)
 None  850(50.7)741(50.5)2294(60.5)59(43.7)404(55.3)99(45.2)498(54.1)
Personal relationsb
 Spouse/partner  979(58.4)902(61.5)2563(67.6)76(56.3)473(64.8)122(55.7)574(62.3)
 Children  131(7.8)165(11.2)388(10.2)23(17.0)82(11.2)26(11.9)100(10.9)
 Parents  38(2.3)55(3.7)115(3.0)<  5 17(2.3)10(4.6)26(2.8)
 Colleague/classmate  56(3.3)54(3.7)177(4.7)6(4.4)14(1.9)<  5 20(2.2)
 Friend  149(8.9)156(10.6)430(11.3)14(10.4)78(10.7)14(6.4)94(10.2)
 Neighbour  28(1.7)37(2.5)86(2.3)6(4.4)14(1.9)<  5 18(2.0)
 Other  34(2.0)26(1.8)69(1.8)<  5 21(2.9)8(3.7)28(3.0)
 None  596(35.6)438(29.9)966(25.5)44(32.6)197(27.0)74(33.8)267(29.0)
No relation
 Nonec  458(27.3)327(22.3)807(21.3)34(25.2)157(21.5)55(25.1)208(22.6)
  1. a The three incontinence symptoms (urge incontinence, stress incontinence and incontinence without stress/urge) were merged into one group named incontinence
  2. bResponses are individually based. The percentages do not total to 100 because an individual might have involved several professional and personal relations regarding the same symptom
  3. cNone indicates that neither personal nor professional relations were involved regarding the symptom