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Table 5 Bivariate analysis of bat consumption behavior (Counts (n2 = 96), odds ratios, confidence intervals and p-values of independent variables)

From: Risk factors for bat contact and consumption behaviors in Thailand; a quantitative study

VariablesTotal number (N = 626)Reported bat contact
(n = 96)
Unadjusted odds ratio95%ClP-value
n%
Sociodemographic information
1. Sex
Male3416870.832.291.43–3.67< 0.001*
Female2852829.171  
2. Age group
> 36 years1321616.670.710.40–1.270.249
  ≤ 36 years4948083.371  
3. Occupation
Agriculture-related occupation2243839.581.210.78–1.890.399
Other4025860.421  
4. Marital status
Married or cohabiting5268285.421.130.62–2.090.686
Single1001414.581  
5. Family size
≤ 2 people1232323.961.360.81–2.270.248
  > 2 people5037376.041  
6. Number of children
0 children1952930.210.950.59–1.520.829
  > 1 children4316769.791  
7. Educational attainment
 Secondary school4117679.172.241.31–3.730.002*
 Other2152020.831  
8. Family monthly income
  ≤ 15,000 Baht4386466.670.830.53–1.330.443
> 15,000 Baht1883233.331  
9. Own a car
Yes3144142.710.700.45–1.090.113*
No3125557.291  
10. Own a motorcycle
Yes5749396.873.160.96–10.350.046*
No5233.131  
Knowledge, attitudes, practices and perceptions
11. Human can get diseases from bats
True4055.210.780.29 to 2.070.607
False5869194.791  
12. There are no concerns about getting diseases from bats
True4888.331.110.50 to 2.550.790
False5788891.671  
13. Bats can transmit diseases to humans
True841010.420.720.36 to 1.440.348
False5428685.58   
14. Bats are economically beneficial to the community
Agree1081818.751.130.64 to 1.980.673
Disagree5187881.251  
15. One can contract diseases if exposed to bats
True1011212.500.710.37 to 1.350.293
False5258487.501  
16. One can contract diseases by drinking water from the same place as bats do
True1391515.630.610.34 to 1.090.092*
False4878184.371  
17. One can contract diseases by eating fruit left by bats
True1702627.080.990.61 to 1.620.986
False4567072.921  
18. Bat guano is safe to use
True5866.250.610.26 to 1.470.268
False5689093.75   
19. Bats are safe to eat
True16911.040.020.00 to 0.16< 0.001*
False4579598.96   
20. There are laws related to hunting bats for consumption
True1961111.460.240.13 to 0.46< 0.001*
False4308588.541  
21. Children are allowed to play with bats
True4314243.750.280.16 to 0.44< 0.001*
False1955456.251  
22. Found dead bats and brought home for food
True5187578.130.700.41 to 1.190.193
False1082121.871  
23. Feel safe in areas where bats live
True2101919.790.440.26 to 0.750.002*
False4167780.211  
  1. *Cut-off point for stepwise logistic regression at p < 0.15