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Table 4 Multivariable analyses of risk factors of Schistosoma mansoni infection, Abeshge district, South-central Ethiopia

From: Identification of transmission foci of Schistosoma mansoni: narrowing the intervention target from district to transmission focus in Ethiopia

Characteristics Examined n(%) Positive (%) AOR(95%CI) p-value
Age group 5–10 218(56.0) 39 (17.9) Ref Ref
11–15 171(44.0) 36 (21.1) 1.3 (0.6–2.6) 0.542
Sex Male 199 (51.2) 52 (26.1) 2.6 (1.3–5.1) 0.001*
Female 190 (48.8) 23 (12.1) Ref Ref
Grade 1–4 297 (76.3) 62 (20.9) 1.7 (0.7–4.1) 0.267
5–8 92 (23.7) 13 (14.1) Ref Ref
Household head occupation Merchant 65 (16.7) 10 (15.4) Ref Ref
Farmer 275 (70.7) 54 (19.6) 1.7 (0.7–4.2) 0.233
Daily laborer 22 (5.7) 6 (27.3) 3.5 (0.9–14.0) 0.075
Employed 27 (6.9) 5 (18.5) 0.9 (0.2–4.1) 0.927
Water source Protected 355 (91.3) 68 (19.2) ref Ref
Unprotected 34 (8.7) 7 (20.6) 0.9 (0.3–2.6) 0.829
Swimming and/or bath in rivers No 184 (47.3) 14 (7.6) Ref Ref
Yes 205 (52.7) 61 (29.8) 2.9 (1.3–5.1) 0.004*
Washing clothes in river No 107 (27.5) 18 (16.8) Ref Ref
Yes 282 (72.5) 57 (20.2) 1.2 (0.6–2.3) 0.653
Participate in irrigation activities No 361 (92.8) 61 (16.9) Ref Ref
Yes 28 (7.2) 14 (50.0) 2.9 (1.0–8.3) 0.046*
Schools Kulit 71 (18.3) 43 (60.6) 12.5 (6.2–25.1) 0.001*
Others 318 (81.7) 32 (10.1) Ref Ref
  1. Ref Reference *Statistically significant at p < 0.05
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