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Table 4 Characteristics of PLWH who endorse experiencing higher HIV-related stigma

From: The relationship between individual characteristics and HIV-related stigma in adults living with HIV: medical monitoring project, Florida, 2015–2016

Characteristics Overall Stigma
OR (95% CI)
Negative Self-Image Stigma
OR (95% CI)
Personalized Stigma
OR (95% CI)
Anticipated
Stigma
OR (95% CI)
Gender
Female Ref Ref Ref Ref
Male 0.62 (0.36–1.08) 1.00 (0.59–1.70) 0.77 (0.50–1.19) 0.67 (0.39–1.17)
Race
White Ref n/sa n/s Ref
Black 1.17 (0.69–2.00)    0.60 (0.37–0.98)
Other 1.00 (0.58–1.69)    0.78 (0.25–2.41)
Ethnicity
Non-Hispanic Ref n/s Ref n/s
Hispanic/Latino 0.79 (0.43–1.42)   0.69 (0.42–1.14)  
Disability
Persons without disability Ref Ref Ref Ref
Persons with disability 1.64 (1.03–2.61) 1.05 (0.65–1.69) 1.27 (0.83–1.93) 1.27 (0.81–2.00)
Sexual Orientation
Heterosexual Ref Ref n/s Ref
Homosexual 0.65 (0.38–1.13) 0.54 (0.31–0.93)   0.59 (0.34–1.04)
Bisexual/Other 1.00 (0.43–2.33) 1.32 (0.59–2.95)   1.05 (0.45–2.46)
Age (years)
18–29 Ref Ref n/s Ref
30–49 1.00 (0.38–2.56) 1.88 (0.72–4.94)   0.61 (0.21–1.84)
50+ 0.48 (0.19–1.22) 1.18 (0.45–3.08)   0.28 (0.09–0.82)
Education
Less than High school Ref n/s n/s Ref
High school diploma 0.63 (0.34 – 1.18)    0.64 (0.34–1.20)
Greater than high school 0.85 (0.46–1.56)    0.74 (0.39–1.38)
Poverty
Above Poverty Level Ref Ref n/s Ref
At or below poverty Level 1.13 (0.70–1.82) 1.41 (0.88–2.24)   0.80 (0.50–1.30)
Country of Birth
Non-foreign Born Ref n/s Ref n/s
Foreign Born 1.21 (0.69–2.14)   1.53 (0.93–2.52)  
Non-Injection Drug Use
No n/s n/s n/s Ref
Yes     0.55 (0.33–0.91)
Alcohol Misuse
No n/s Ref n/s n/s
Yes   2.02 (1.15–3.56)   
Depression
No Depression Ref Ref Ref Ref
Mild-moderate Depression 2.92 (0.91–9.43) 0.94 (0.36–2.42) 0.90 (0.33–2.45) 3.03 (1.20–7.65)
Severe Depression 3.13 (1.38–7.13) 2.81 (1.38–5.72) 1.71 (0.85–3.43) 2.87 (1.38–5.98)
Anxiety
No Anxiety Ref Ref Ref Ref
Mild-moderate Anxiety 0.95 (0.51–1.79) 1.38 (0.73–2.62) 1.02 (0.56–1.85) 0.80 (0.43–1.49)
Severe anxiety 1.13 (0.35–3.66) 0.92 (0.33–2.56) 1.51 (0.58–3.91) 1.07 (0.38–3.00)
  1. an/s- Variables were not included if non-significant in the bivariate analysis