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Table 3 Modeling depression symptoms (CESD-10-R) by one-year transition in total movement guideline adherence (MVPA, ST, sleep) among secondary school students the 2-year linked COMPASS Mental Health Pilot Sample

From: Are one-year changes in adherence to the 24-hour movement guidelines associated with depressive symptoms among youth?

  Females (N = 1229) Males (N = 1063)
Est. SE 95% CI p-value Est. SE 95% CI p-value
Grade (ref: 10)
 11 0.37 0.33 −0.28, 1.02 .2642 −0.29 0.34 −0.95, 0.37 .3853
 12 −0.99 0.38 −1.72, −0.25 .0085 −0.61 0.37 −1.33, 0.12 .1010
Ethnicity (ref: White)
 Black 0.21 1.02 −1.80, 2.21 .8408 0.32 1.04 −1.73, 2.36 .7626
 Asian 0.19 0.62 −1.03, 1.41 .7583 0.12 0.57 −1.00, 1.23 .8352
 Latin American/Hispanic 0.13 1.14 −2.10, 2.37 .9060 0.84 0.80 −0.73, 2.42 .2936
 Other/Mixed 0.24 0.43 −0.60, 1.08 .5737 0.84 0.46 −0.07, 1.74 .0696
BMI Classification (ref: “Normal-weight”)
 Underweight 0.45 1.36 −2.21, 3.11 .7392 0.15 1.16 −2.13, 2.43 .8996
 Overweight 0.54 0.45 −0.34, 1.42 .2328 −0.23 0.42 −1.06, 0.59 .5798
 Obesity 0.53 0.64 −0.73, 1.79 .4115 −0.48 0.53 −1.52, 0.57 .3719
 Missing 0.65 0.37 −0.06, 1.37 .0736 0.73 0.39 −0.05, 1.50 .0658
Median household income (ref: $50,001-75,000)
 $75,001-100,000 −0.05 0.64 −1.30, 1.21 .9526 0.91 0.49 −0.06, 1.88 .0652
  > $100,000 −1.41 0.88 −3.13, 0.31 .1077 0.42 0.63 −0.81, 1.65 .5019
Urbanicity (ref: Small/Rural)
 Medium Urban −0.81 0.67 −2.11, 0.50 .2251 0.59 0.52 −0.43, 1.61 .2593
 Large Urban −0.52 0.63 −1.75, 0.72 .4110 −0.07 0.47 −0.85, 0.99 .8826
 Transition in total guideline adherence (Y6–Y5)a −0.71 0.17 −1.05, −0.37 <.0001 −0.22 0.18 −0.57, 0.13 .2205
  1. Note: Model adjusted for prior year depressive symptoms and school clustering. MVPA: moderate-to-vigorous physical activity. ST: screen time. SE: Standard Error.
  2. a Difference in total adherence to the Canadian 24-h Movement Guidelines (MVPA, total ST, sleep) (Tremblay et al., 2016) from year prior (Y6 total adherence minus Y5 total adherence)