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Table 2 The trend in FGM practice among reproductive-age women by selected characteristics based on 2000, 2005, and 2016 Ethiopian Demographic and Health Surveys

From: Trends and Spatio-temporal variation of female genital mutilation among reproductive-age women in Ethiopia: a Spatio-temporal and multivariate decomposition analysis of Ethiopian demographic and health surveys

Characteristics EDHS 2000 EDHS 2005 EDHS 2016 Point difference in the prevalence of FGM
Phase 1 (2005–2000) Phase 2 (2016–2005) Phase 3 (2016–2000)
Place of residence
 Urban 79.8 68.5 55.5 −11.3 −13.0 −24.3
 Rural 79.9 75.5 74.8 −4.4 −0.7 −5.1
Religion
 Orthodox 76.8 67.5 58.8 −9.5 −8.7 −18.0
 Muslim 91.8 88.9 84.9 −2.9 −4.0 −6.9
 Catholic 66.9 76.9 73.7 10.0 −3.2 6.8
 Protestant 71.9 71.3 73.2 −0.6 1.9 2.5
 Traditional 66.8 49.2 62.1 −17.6 11.9 −4.7
Age of women (in years)
 15–19 70.7 62.2 51.6 −8.5 −10.6 −19.1
 20–24 78.3 73.0 63.3 −5.3 −9.7 −15.0
 25–29 81.4 77.6 73.4 −3.8 −4.2 −8.0
 30–34 86.2 78.0 82.2 −8.2 4.2 −4.0
 35–39 83.6 81.2 80.8 −2.4 −0.4 −2.8
 40–44 85.8 81.6 77.2 −4.2 −4.4 −8.6
 45–49 86.8 80.8 81.5 −6.0 0.7 −5.3
Maternal education
 No education 80.4 77.3 81.0 −3.1 3.7 0.6
 Primary 78.4 70.8 66.3 −7.6 −4.5 −12.1
 Secondary 77.7 65.1 50.7 −12.6 −14.4 −27.0
 Higher 85.5 55.6 50.7 −29.9 −4.9 −34.8
Women occupation
 Not working 79.6 74.2 72.9 −5.4 −1.3 −6.7
 Professional 85.5 65.2 61.9 −20.3 −3.3 − 23.6
 Clerical 73.5 65.8 44.8 −7.7 −21.0 −28.7
 Sales 83.8 74.6 69.6 −9.2 −5.0 −14.2
 Agricultural employee 77.6 78.0 70.5 0.4 −7.5 −7.1
 Services 86.2 67.5 72.2 −18.7 4.7 −14.0
 Skilled manual 83.9 68.1 63.0 −15.8 −5.1 −20.9
 Unskilled manual 80.6 55.9 58.2 −24.7 2.3 −22.4
Media exposure
 Yes 80.5 72.8 62.9 −7.7 −9.9 −17.6
 No 79.7 75.5 76.5 −4.2 1.0 −3.2
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