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Table 3 Themes and sub-themes identified after thematic analysis of the data collected through focus groups

From: “We never boil our milk, it will cause sore udders and mastitis in our cows”- consumption practices, knowledge and milk safety awareness in Senegal

Main themesSub-themes
Low awareness about milk borne diseasesMilk cannot transmit diseases
Previous experiences and elders act as information source
Milk consumption can cause malaria
Lack of awareness about milk quality
Women are more knowledgeable than men
Cultural practices and beliefs dominate decision makingBoiling causes mastitis
Boiling affects taste and fermentation
Trust in age old practices
Prioritisation of need - Hierarchy and nutritional relevance dominates household rationing of milk
Positive impact of trainingMore awareness among trained women