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Table 4 Educational pathway on first aid for burns, bleeding and skin wounds, adapted to the sub-Saharan African context

From: An educational pathway and teaching materials for first aid training of children in sub-Saharan Africa based on the best available evidence

E: Encourage
K: Know/Know How
R: Repeat
5–6 yrs7–8 yrs9–10 yrs11–12 yrs13–14 yrs15–16 yrs17–18 yrs
BURNS
Knowledge       
The children:
• recognise a burn
EKRRR  
• know how to provide first aid for a burn (regardless of the degree of the burn)EKRRR  
• know when to seek medical help for a burn  EKRRR
• know the difference between a superficial, intermediate and deep burn   EKRR
• know what commonly causes burns (hot water, flames, fire)KRRR   
• know what can cause a burn (heat, chemicals, radiation...)EEEEKRR
Skills
The children can:
• correctly provide first aid for a burn
EKRRR  
• seek medical help if the burn is serious   KRRR
Attitudes       
See educational pathway General > Attitudes (see Additional file 9)       
The children recognise the importance of:
• continuously applying water to a burn
EKRRR  
BLEEDING
Knowledge       
The children know:
• what they have to do in the event of a nosebleed
EKRRR  
• when to seek medical help for a nosebleed EKRR  
• how to correctly stop (severe) bleeding  EKRR 
• that medical help must always be sought in the event of severe bleeding  EKRR 
Skills       
The children can:
• correctly stop a nosebleed
EKRRR  
• apply a bandage to stop (severe) bleeding   KRR 
Attitudes       
See educational pathway General > Attitudes (see Additional file 9)       
The children recognise the importance of
• stopping a bleeding as quickly as possible
 EKRR  
SKIN WOUNDS
Knowledge
The children:
• recognise a skin wound
EKRR   
• know which equipment is needed to provide first aid for a skin woundEKRR   
• know when the injured person should seek medical help for a skin wound   KRRR
• know the importance of tetanus vaccinations, and know why tetanus is dangerous and linked with skin wounds   KRRR
• know that an injured person with a skin wound in which a foreign object is embedded should always seek medical help   KRRR
Skills
The children can:
• correctly provide first aid for a skin wound if clean water is available
EKRRR  
• stop the bleeding of a wound that does not stop bleeding by itself  EKRRR
• correctly provide first aid for a skin wound in which a foreign object is embedded    KRR
Attitude
See educational pathway General > Attitudes (see Additional file 9)       
The children recognise the importance of:
• correctly providing first aid for a skin wound in which a foreign object is embedded
   EKRR