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Table 1 Characteristics of included studies on the effectiveness of first aid education for burns, bleeding and skin wounds

From: An educational pathway and teaching materials for first aid training of children in sub-Saharan Africa based on the best available evidence

Author, year, CountryStudy designPopulationComparisonOutcomes
Campbell, 2001, USA [25]Experimental: randomised controlled trialNr. of participants: 660 students
(51% males, 49% females)
Age range:
11–16 years
Intervention:
Programme: First aid and home safety training
Control:
Programme: Tobacco and alcohol prevention programme
Measured before, immediately after and 1 year after training:
Knowledge: Emergency response procedures (check-call-care); First aid kit
Skills: Responses to two audio-recorded scenarios (glass wound, burn injury). Type and order of responses were scored: Check the scene and victim; Call 911; Care for the victim
Attitude: First aid confidence
Frederick,
2000, UK [26]
Experimental: controlled before after studyNr. of participants: 1096 students (gender not reported)
Age range: 10–11 years
Intervention:
Programme: Injury Minimization Program for Schools (IMPS)
Control:
No intervention
Outcomes were measured before and 5 months after training:
Knowledge: Self-developed quiz
Skills: Performance on a basic life support scenario. [only measured post intervention]
Attitude: Record observations of dangerous behavior in a video
Heard, 2013, USA [27]Observational:
cohort study
Nr. of participants: 2747 students (gender not reported)
Age range:
10–15 years
Intervention:
Programme: Burn care and prevention
Outcomes were measured before (2012) and 11 months after training (2012 resurvey):
Knowledge: 10-item survey on burn first aid
Uray,
2003, Austria [28]
Observational:
before after study
Nr. of participants:
47 students (20 males, 27 females)
Age range:
6–7 years
Intervention:
Programme: First aid training
Outcomes were measured before and immediately after training:
Knowledge: Questionnaire in which students had to place three cartoon-like illustrations in the correct sequence
Wafik,
2014, Egypt [30]
Observational: before after studyNr. of participants: 100 students (gender not reported)
Age range:
11–16 years
Intervention:
Programme: First aid training
Outcomes were measured before, immediately after and 2 months after training:
Knowledge: 32 item questionnaire.
Skills: Performance on five first aid scenarios (choking, burns, poisoning, and fractures)
Wilks, 2016, Australia [29]Observational: before after studyNr. of participants: 107 students (51 males, 56 females)
Age range:
11–12 years
Intervention:
Programme: First aid, CPR and beach safety training
Outcomes were measured before, 1 week after, and 8 weeks after training:
Knowledge: 50-item quiz on emergency services and life-supporting first aid