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Table 2 Socio-demographic and clinical characteristics of the patients

From: Tuberculosis treatment outcomes among prisoners and general population in Zomba, Malawi

CharacteristicTotal
n (%)
Zomba Central Hospital, n (%)Zomba Central Prison, n (%)
Total participants16521200 (72.6)452 (27.4)
Sex (N = 1651)
 Male1148 (69.5)697 (58.0)451 (100.0)
 Female503 (30.5)503 (42.0)0 (0)
Age(N = 1648)
 Median (IQR)35 (29.4)  
 15–24196 (11.9)138 (11.5)58 (12.8)
 25–34626 (38.0)424 (35.3)202 (44.7)
 35–44488 (29.6)350 (29.2)138 (30.5)
 45–54176 (10.7)141 (12.0)35 (8..0)
 = > 55162 (9.8)145 (12.1)17 (4.0)
TB Registration Year(N = 1652)
 2011286 (17.1)212 (17.7)74 (16.3)
 2012302 (18.3)246 (20.5)56 (12.4)
 2013250 (15.1)201 (16.8)49 (10.8)
 2014270 (16.3)193 (16.1)77 (17.4)
 2015255 (15.4)178 (14.8)77 (17.4)
 2016289 (17.5)170 (14.1)119 (26.3)
TB Form(N = 1652)
 Pulmonary TB (bacteriologically, clinically)1257 (76.1)904 (75.3)353 (78.1)
 Extra-Pulmonary TB395 (23.9)296 (24.7)99 (21.9)
TB Category(N = 1652)
 New1376 (83.3)1027 (85.5)349 (77.2)
 Relapse79 (4.8)46 (3.8)33 (7.3)
 Return After Loss To Follow Up4 (0.2)4 (0.3)0 (0)
 Failed1 (0.1)1 (0.1)0 (0)
 Other191 (11.6)122 (10.2)70 (15.5)
HIV Status(N = 1652)
 Positive1080 (65.4)853 (71.1)227 (50.2)
 Negative530 (32.1)319 (26.6)211 (46.7)
 Unknown42 (2.5)28 (2.3)14 (3.1)
TB treatment outcomes(N = 1652)
 Cured479 (29.0)308 (25.6)171 (37.8)
 Treatment Completed993 (60.1)743 (61.9)250 (55.3)
 Treatment Failed2 (0.2)2 (0.2)0 (0)
 Died122 (8.1)97 (8.0)25 (5.5)
 Transferred Out12 (0.7)12 (1.0)0 (0)
 Not Evaluated43 (2.6)37 (3.1)6 (1.3)
  1. *The percentage in the 5 year trend section is provided as a percentage of the total number over 6 years