Skip to main content

Table 4 Females and Males: The association between weight misperception and probable clinically relevant SDQ total, externalising and internalising symptoms from 11 to 13 years to 14–16 years

From: Weight misperception and psychological symptoms from adolescence to young adulthood: longitudinal study of an ethnically diverse UK cohort

  SDQ Total Difficulties (score > 17) SDQ externalising (score > 11) SDQ internalising (score > 9)
  OR (95% CI) P > |z| OR (95% CI) P > |z| OR (95% CI) P > |z| OR (95% CI) P > |z| OR (95% CI) P > |z| OR (95% CI) P > |z|
  Model1 Model 4 Model 1 Model 4 Model 1 Model 4
Females
Weight perception (vs. P. normal weight - M. normal weight)
 P. overweight- M. overweight 2.76 (1.66, 4.57) < 0.001 2.01 (1.18, 3.41) 0.01 1.23 (0.62, 2.42) 0.548 1.39 (0.72, 2.72) 0.329 3.03 (1.74, 5.27) < 0.001 1.95 (1.11, 3.43) 0.02
 P. normal - M. overweight 1.00 (0.50, 2.00) 0.99 0.84 (0.41, 1.74) 0.643 0.55 (0.24, 1.26) 0.158 0.71 (0.27, 1.90) 0.499 1.14 (0.55, 2.35) 0.723 0.88 (0.42, 1.86) 0.747
 P. overweight- M. normal weight 3.42 (1.88, 6.21) < 0.001 2.06 (1.10, 3.87) 0.024 2.90 (0.97, 8.61) 0.055 1.24 (0.55, 2.78) 0.6 4.63 (2.45, 8.73) < 0.001 2.64 (1.38, 5.05) 0.003
 P. underweight- M. normal weight 2.23 (1.26, 3.96) 0.006 1.87 (1.03, 3.40) 0.039 1.86 (1.10, 3.13) 0.02 0.81 (0.35, 1.84) 0.611 2.72 (1.49, 4.96) 0.001 2.69 (1.46, 4.96) 0.002
 P. unsure- M. normal weight 1.76 (1.14, 2.71) 0.011 1.39 (0.88, 2.18) 0.154 1.21 (0.71, 2.04) 0.483 0.80 (0.72, 2.27) 0.394 1.80 (1.12, 2.88) 0.015 1.34 (0.83, 2.16) 0.235
 P. unsure- M. overweight 1.28 (0.68, 2.42) 0.438 1.10 (0.57, 2.11) 0.78 1.29 (0.59, 2.83) 0.518 0.81 (0.43, 2.48) 0.936 1.86 (0.97, 3.56) 0.061 1.40 (0.73, 2.69) 0.317
Random effects
 Level 3 (School) intercept 0.08 (0.01, 0.55)   0.09 (0.01, 0.63)   0.00 (0.00, 0.00)   0.00 (0.00, 0.00)   0.19 (0.05, 0.66)   0.10 (0.01, 0.69)  
 Level 3 (school)> Level 2 (individual) intercept 2.74 (1.79, 4.19)   2.46 (1.55, 3.90)   3.09 (1.84, 5.18)   2.49 (1.29, 4.79)   3.20 (2.08, 4.93)   2.55 (1.58, 4.13)  
Males
Weight perception (vs. P. normal weight - M. normal weight)
 P. overweight- M. overweight 3.30 (1.89, 5.74) < 0.001 2.16 (1.25, 3.74) 0.006 1.23 (0.62, 2.42) 0.548 1.05 (0.52, 2.11) 0.89 5.63 (2.98, 10.59) < 0.001 2.94 (1.58, 5.49) 0.001
 P. normal - M. overweight 0.74 (0.37, 1.46) 0.381 0.68 (0.35, 1.30) 0.243 0.55 (0.24, 1.26) 0.158 0.60 (0.26, 1.35) 0.218 0.95 (0.43, 2.08) 0.893 0.77 (0.36, 1.68) 0.519
 P. overweight- M. normal weight 1.81 (0.60, 5.46) 0.296 1.32 (0.47, 3.70) 0.597 2.90 (0.98, 8.61) 0.055 1.93 (0.66, 5.68) 0.232 4.40 (1.46, 13.29) 0.009 2.11 (0.72, 6.13) 0.17
 P. underweight- M. normal weight 2.05 (1.25, 3.34) 0.004 2.34 (1.47, 3.71) < 0.001 1.86 (1.10, 3.13) 0.02 1.82 (1.11, 3.13) 0.019 2.63 (1.46, 4.73) 0.001 2.13 (1.21, 3.75) 0.009
 P. unsure- M. normal weight 1.62 (1.02, 2.56) 0.04 1.61 (1.04, 2.49) 0.033 1.21 (0.71, 2.03) 0.483 1.09 (0.64, 1.85) 0.75 1.39 (0.78, 2.46) 0.26 1.19 (0.68, 2.07) 0.549
 P. unsure- M. overweight 1.51 (0.76, 2.98) 0.237 1.15 (0.60, 2.20) 0.679 1.29 (0.59, 2.83) 0.518 1.31 (0.59, 2.88) 0.507 0.99 (0.41, 2.46) 0.99 0.66 (0.27, 1.62) 0.366
Random effects
 Level 3 (School) intercept 0.08 (0.00, 0.99)   0.04 (0.00, 0.13)   0.27 (0.09, 0.80)   0.22 (0.07, 0.73)   0.00 (0.00, 0.00)   0.00 (0.00, 0.00)  
 Level 3 (school)> Level 2 (individual) intercept 2.93 (1.88, 4.57)   2.63 (1.71, 4.04)   3.09 (1.84, 5.18)   2.14 (1.16, 3.95)   3.24 (1.92, 3.24)   2.00 (1.03, 3.87)  
  1. Model 1: coefficients were estimated with linear-mixed models with random intercept, with adjustment for age
  2. Model 4: adjusted for age, ethnicity, current smoking, current alcohol consumption, special diets, weight gain anxiety, and physical activity, maternal overweight, paternal overweight, parental care, and parental control, family affluence and racism