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Table 2 Health related variables by incarceration status

From: Closing the (incarceration) gap: assessing the socio-economic and clinical indicators of indigenous males by lifetime incarceration status

  Ever- incarcerated
N (%)
Never- incarcerated
N (%)
Χ2 (p value) V
Experienced serious illness/disability past 12 months
 No illness/disability 26,500 (85.5)a 154,900 (85.4)   
 Illness/disability 4500 (14.5)a 26,500 (14.6) 0.2 (.67) <.001
Mental health diagnosis
 No mental health diagnosis 19,900 (65.0) 140,200 (77.3)   
 Mental health diagnosis 10,700 (35.0)a 41,200 (22.7) 2127.0 (<.001) .10
Alcohol/drug problem last 12 months
 No substance use problems 21,900 (70.7) 168,300 (92.8)   
 Substance use problems 9100 (29.4) 13,100 (7.2) 13,857.3 (<.001) .26
Psychological distress
 Low/Moderate (5–11) 18,400 (60.5) 135,500 (75.5)   
 High/very high (12–25) 12,000 (39.5) 44,000 (24.5) 2974.8 (<.001) .12
Doctors visit last 12 months
 No visit to doctors 8000 (26.1) 48,700 (26.9)   
 Visit to doctors 22,700 (73.9) 132,200 (73.1) 10.0 (.002) .01
  1. Note: a Numbers have a relative standard error of 25 to 50%
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