Skip to main content

Table 2 WIC-participating study subjects and children under the age of 5 living in census tracts with different combinations of healthy and unhealthy food outlet densities in Los Angeles County, California a

From: The neighborhood food environment modifies the effect of the 2009 WIC food package change on childhood obesity in Los Angeles County, California

Food outlet density per sq. mileIncluded Census Tracts
N = 2080
Included WIC participants
N = 148,634
Children living in Los Angeles County b
N = 609,835
Healthy cUnhealthy dN (%)N (%)N (%)
0.0 to < 1.50.0 to < 6.0254 (12.21)10,209 (6.87)73,781 (12.10)
1.5 to < 2.50.0 to < 6.0104 (5.00)6603 (4.44)29,600 (4.85)
2.5 to < 4.00.0 to < 6.058 (2.79)5194 (3.49)17,866 (2.93)
4.0 to 21.10.0 to < 6.023 (1.11)2586 (1.74)7574 (1.24)
0.0 to < 1.56.0 to < 8.5122 (5.87)5047 (3.40)33,623 (5.51)
1.5 to <2.56.0 to < 8.5209 (10.05)12,599 (8.48)61,180 (10.03)
2.5 to < 4.06.0 to < 8.5136 (6.54)12,692 (8.54)44,403 (7.28)
4.0 to 21.16.0 to < 8.578 (3.75)10,177 (6.85)27,786 (4.56)
0.0 to < 1.58.5 to < 12.045 (2.16)1941 (1.31)12,373 (2.03)
1.5 to <2.58.5 to < 12.0157 (7.55)7922 (5.33)44,435 (7.29)
2.5 to < 4.08.5 to < 12.0210 (10.10)17,692 (11.90)67,161 (11.01)
4.0 to 21.18.5 to < 12.0142 (6.83)19,051 (12.82)51,991 (8.53)
0.0 to < 1.512.0 to 63.39 (0.43)45 (0.03)1677 (0.27)
1.5 to <2.512.0 to 63.356 (2.69)1872 (1.26)13,356 (2.19)
2.5 to < 4.012.0 to 63.3145 (6.97)6920 (4.66)37,303 (6.12)
4.0 to 21.112.0 to 63.3332 (15.96)28,040 (18.87)85,726 (14.06)
  1. SQ square, WIC Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children
  2. aCategories of healthy and unhealthy food outlet density were determined by quartiles of the distribution for each variable
  3. bChildren under the age of 5 from the 2010 Census
  4. cHealthy outlets included supermarkets, chain and independent grocery stores and fruit/vegetable vendors
  5. dUnhealthy outlets included fast food, liquor stores and chain and independent convenience stores