Skip to main content

Table 3 Odds ratios for being depression by metabolic syndrome and each of its components and SES (primarily education level and household income) in male and female

From: The combined effect of socioeconomic status and metabolic syndrome on depression: the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES)

CharacteristicsMaleFemale
Model1aModel2bModel3cModel1aModel2bModel3c
OR (95% CI)p-valueOR (95% CI)p-valueOR (95% CI)p-valueOR (95% CI)p-valueOR (95% CI)p-valueOR (95% CI)p-value
Waist circumference (cm)
  < 90 (< 80 for women)1.000.751.000.921.000.431.00<.00011.000.031.000.004
  ≥ 90 (≥80 for women)1.08 (0.67–1.48)0.97 (0.57–1.67)0.78 (0.42–1.44)1.70 (1.36–2.14)1.46 (1.05–2.04)1.78 (1.20–2.63)
Triglyceride level (mg/dL)
  < 1501.000.021.000.011.000.151.000.00041.000.071.000.16
  ≥ 1501.66 (1.09–2.53)1.77 (1.13–2.76)1.45 (0.88–2.39)1.63 (1.24–2.13)1.30 (0.98–1.73)1.25 (0.91–1.70)
Blood pressurea
 Normal1.000.231.000.241.000.321.000.931.000.451.000.76
 Abnormal0.76 (0.48–1.20)0.76 (0.48–1.21)0.77 (0.46–1.29)1.02 (0.75–1.38)0.89 (0.65–1.22)0.95 (0.68–1.32)
HDL cholesterol level (mg/dL)
  ≥ 40 (≥50 for women)1.000.051.000.221.000.091.000.00021.000.0021.000.001
  < 40 (< 50 for women)1.53 (1.00–2.35)1.34 (0.84–2.16)1.59 (0.94–2.68)1.52 (1.22–1.90)1.47 (1.16–1.86)1.57 (1.20–2.04)
FBS (mg/dL)
  < 1001.000.271.000.331.000.131.000.021.000.271.000.43
  ≥ 1001.29 (0.82–2.04)1.29 (0.78–2.12)1.50 (0.89–2.53)1.39 (1.06–1.83)1.18 (0.88–1.57)1.14 (0.83–1.57)
Metabolic syndrome
 No1.000.081.000.111.000.101.00<.00011.000.031.000.01
 Yes1.51 (0.95–2.38)1.49 (0.92–2.42)1.58 (0.92–2.71)1.76 (1.35–2.29)1.40 (1.04–1.87)1.55 (1.13–2.13)
Education level
 College or more1.000.011.00<.00011.00<.00011.00<.00011.000.011.000.06
 High school2.50 (1.32–4.92)2.18 (1.14–4.16)2.17 (1.08–4.36)1.91 (1.42–2.57)1.55 (1.14–2.09)1.36 (0.98–1.89)
 Middle schools6.94 (3.26–14.77)4.75 (2.29–9.84)7.36 (3.33–16.30)3.17 (2.02–4.98)2.08 (1.30–3.34)1.90 (1.15–3.14)
 Elementary school or less16.80 (8.12–34.79)10.94 (5.24–22.85)10.78 (4.73–24.61)4.07 (2.63–6.30)2.26 (1.41–3.60)1.93 (1.15–3.24)
House income
 High1.00<.00011.00<.00011.000<.00011.00<.00011.00<.00011.00<.0001
 Middle1.45 (0.85–2.46)0.98 (0.56–1.71)0.914 (0.49–1.71)1.83 (1.39–2.41)1.47 (1.10–1.95)1.71 (1.24–2.35)
 Low7.07 (4.01–12.46)2.82 (1.57–5.06)2.793 (1.46–5.34)3.75 (2.66–5.28)2.25 (1.56–3.26)2.651 (1.72–4.10)
  1. aModel1: adjusted for age
  2. bModel2: adjusted for age, education level, income, marital status, moderate physical activity more than, smoking status, alcohol consumption, prevalence of chronic diseases
  3. cModel3: adjusted for age, education level, income, marital status, moderate physical activity more than, smoking status, alcohol consumption, prevalence of chronic diseases, history of depression
\