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Table 2 Associated post-disaster lifestyle factors with prevalent and exacerbated musculoskeletal pain

From: Lifestyle factors associated with prevalent and exacerbated musculoskeletal pain after the Great East Japan Earthquake: a cross-sectional study from the Fukushima Health Management Survey

 Musculoskeletal pain
AbsentPrevalentExacerbated
Shelter use
 No15,931 (67.9)6012 (62.3)a923 (50.9)ab
 Yes7525 (32.1)3638 (37.7)a890 (49.1)ab
Job loss
 No19,057 (81.2)7438 (77.1)a1257 (69.3)ab
 Yes4399 (18.8)2212 (22.9)a556 (30.7)ab
Decreased income
 No19,106 (81.5)7600 (78.8)1374 (75.8)ab
 Yes4350 (18.5)2050 (21.2)439 (24.2)ab
Smoking status
 Never12,862 (54.8)5380 (55.8)1086 (59.9)ab
 Past5848 (24.9)2438 (25.3)408 (22.5)
 Current light smoking2374 (10.1)901 (9.3)147 (8.1)
 Current heavy smoking2372 (10.1)931 (9.6)172 (9.5)
Drinking status
 Never11,075 (47.2)4664 (48.3)916 (50.5)a
 Past727 (3.1)367 (3.8)71 (3.9)
 Current light drinking8976 (38.3)3429 (35.5)622 (34.3)a
 Current heavy drinking2678 (11.4)1190 (12.3)204 (11.3)
Insomnia
 No15,728 (67.1)4677 (48.5)a645 (35.6)ab
 Yes7728 (32.9)4973 (51.5)a1168 (64.4)ab
Regular exercise
 Almost not11,071 (47.2)4783 (49.6)a915 (50.5)a
 1 time per week3373 (14.4)1387 (14.4)240 (13.2)
 2–4 times per week4994 (21.3)2117 (21.9)422 (23.3)
 Almost daily4018 (17.1)1363 (14.1)a236 (13.0)a
Community activities
 Never or rarely13,894 (59.2)6427 (66.6)a1285 (70.9)ab
 Sometimes7118 (30.3)2548 (26.4)a429 (23.7)a
 Often2444 (10.4)675 (7.0)a99 (5.5)a
  1. Percentages are shown in parentheses. Statistically significant and observed ±3% or more difference compared to the Absent group (a), and to the Prevalent group (b); The total percentage does not always add up to 100
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