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Table 2 Final model showing crude and adjusted odds ratio for diarrhea and respiratory infections in cases and controls exposed to Familia Nawiri Health Education Program

From: Risk reduction of diarrhea and respiratory infections following a community health education program - a facility-based case-control study in rural parts of Kenya

VariableCases (n = 324)Controls (n = 308)CrudeAdjusteda
OR (95% CI)P valueOR (95% CI)P value
Exposure to Familia Nawiri, n (%)
 No272 (83.95)239 (77.60)1.00 (reference) 1.00 (reference) 
 Yes43 (13.27)61 (19.81)0.62 (0.40–0.96)0.030.62 (0.41–0.96)0.03
Median age (IQR)20 (2–35)23 (2–35)1.00 (0.99–1.01)0.751.00 (0.99–1.00)0.79
Gender, n (%)
 Male186 (57.41)183 (59.42)1.00 (reference) 1.00 (reference) 
 Female138 (43.59)125 (40.58)1.09 (0.69–1.37)0.890.98 (0.71–1.37)0.93
Water improvement interventions, n (%)
 No204 (62.96)163 (52.92)1.00 (reference) 1.00 (reference) 
 Yes111 (34.26)137 (44.48)0.68 (0.48–0.95)0.030.65 (0.47–0.91)0.01
  1. aAdjusted for all variables in the table