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Table 1 Characteristics of cases and controls and crude odds ratio for diarrhea and respiratory infections in cases and controls exposed to Familia Nawiri Health Education Program

From: Risk reduction of diarrhea and respiratory infections following a community health education program - a facility-based case-control study in rural parts of Kenya

VariableCases (n = 324)Controls (n = 308)Crude
OR (95% CI)P value
Median age of participant (IQR)20 (2–35)23 (2–35)1.00 (0.99–1.01)0.75
Gender, n (%)
 Male186 (57.41)183 (59.42)1.00 (reference) 
 Female138 (43.59)125 (40.58)1.09 (0.69–1.37)0.89
Highest level of education, n (%)
 Kindergarten and Primary level158 (48.77)161 (52.27)1.00 (reference) 
 Post-primary/vocational6 (1.85)5 (1.62)1.60 (0.43–5.90)0.48
 Secondary/‘a’ level120 (37.04)111 (36.04)1.11 (0.78–1.58)0.57
 College and University27 (8.33)19 (6.17)1.77 (0.91–3.48)0.09
 Missing13 (4.01)12 (3.90)  
Water improvement interventions, n (%)
 No204 (62.96)163 (52.92)1.00 (reference) 
 Yes111 (34.26)137 (44.48)0.68 (0.48–0.95)0.03
 Missing9 (2.78)8 (2.60)  
Distance to health facility, n (%)
 10 mins41 (12.65)38 (12.34)1 (reference) 
 30 min196 (60.49)205 (66.56)0.78 (0.47–1.29)0.33
 > 1 h84 (25.93)64 (20.78))1.06 (0.59–1.92)0.83
 Missing3 (0.93)1 (0.32)  
Exposure to Familia Nawiri, n (%)
 No272 (83.95)239 (77.60)1.00 (reference) 
 Yes43 (13.27)61 (19.81)0.62 (0.40–0.96)0.03
 Missing9 (2.78)8 (2.60)  
Toilet facility, n (%)
 No8 (2.47)2 (0.65)1.00 (reference) 
 Yes308 (95.06)301 (97.73)0.23 (0.05–1.11)0.07
 Missing8 (2.47)5 (1.62)  
Improved water sources, n (%)
 No66 (20.37)62 (20.13)1.00 (reference) 
 Yes251 (77.47)242 (78.57)0.94 (0.62–1.42)0.76
 Missing7 (2.16)4 (1.30)  
Attended any other hygiene education sessions apart from Familia Nawiri
 No211 (65.12)215 (69.81)1.00 (reference) 
 Yes104 (32.10)85 (27.60)1.08 (0.57–1.13)0.69
 Missing9 (2.78)8 (2.60)