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Table 4 Multivariate analysis assessing PTSD and depression and related variables 12 months after the MERS outbreak, South Korea

From: Posttraumatic stress disorder and depression of survivors 12 months after the outbreak of Middle East respiratory syndrome in South Korea

VariablesPTSDaP-valueDepressionbP-value
adjusted OR
(95% CI)
adjusted OR (95%CI)
Previous visit to psychiatric clinic
 Yes9.09 (1.05–78.67)0.0459.97 (1.53–65.11)0.016
 No (Ref)1.00 1.00 
Presence of a family member who died from MERS
 Yes12.08 (1.47–99.19)0.020
 No (Ref)1.00 
Anxiety during MERS
 Yes5.76 (1.29–25.58)0.021
 No (Ref)1.00 
MERS Stigma during MERS
 High11.09 (2.28–53.90)0.003
 Low (Ref)1.00 
  1. MERS, Middle East respiratory syndrome; PTSD, Posttraumatic stress disorder; OR, odds ratio; CI, confidential interval; Ref, reference.
  2. aAdjusting for presence of previous visit to psychiatric clinic, presence of a family member who died from MERS, anxiety during MERS (GAD> = 10), MERS stigma during MERS, and negative coping
  3. bAdjusting for gender, presence of previous visit to psychiatric clinic, presence of a family member who died from MERS, anxiety prior to MERS (GAD> = 10), anxiety during MERS (GAD> = 10), MERS stigma during MERS