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Table 1 Bivariate association between child marriage and ethnicity, region of residence and socioeconomic characteristics of female adolescents in Nigeria

From: Ethnicity, religious affiliation and girl-child marriage: a cross-sectional study of nationally representative sample of female adolescents in Nigeria

 Child marriage experience 
Ethnicity, religion and socioeconomic characteristicsChild marriage (n = 2118)Others (n = 5686)Total (N = 7804)Chi-Squared
n (%)n (%)N
Ethnicity
 Hausa/Fulani1496 (54.8)1236 (45.2)2732159.15***
 Igbo39 (3.6)1031 (96.4)1070 
 Yoruba31 (3.0)979 (97.0)1010 
aSouthern ethnic minorities64 (5.9)1026 (94.1)1091 
bNorthern ethnic minorities488 (25.7)1414 (74.3)1902 
Religion
 Christianity234 (6.5)3384 (93.5)3618237.29***
 Islam1856 (45.5)2228 (54.5)4084 
 Traditional15 (23.0)52 (77.0)67 
Level of Education
 No/Primary1834 (58.8)1283 (41.2)31171075.76***
 Secondary/higher284 (6.1)4403 (93.9)4687 
Place of residence
 Rural1822 (40.5)2682 (59.5)4504200.12***
 Urban296 (9.0)3004 (91.0)3300 
hWealth quintile
 Poorest838 (63.5)482 (36.5)1320274.41***
 Poorer689 (43.8)883 (56.2)1571 
 Middle349 (21.3)1292 (78.7)1641 
 Richer191 (11.5)1466 (88.5)1657 
 Richest51 (3.2)1564 (96.8)1615 
Total27.172.97804 
  1. Note: respondents who married before age 18 were categorized as child marriage while those who were still unmarried or married at age 18 or above at the time of the survey were categorized as others
  2. aCombination of ethnic minorities in Southern Nigeria; bcombination of ethnic minorities in Northern Nigeria; hhousehold wealth quintile
  3. *** p < .001